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Chapter 2

TermDefinition
Demographic The breakdown of a population into groups of categories
Population Density The number of people per unit number of land
Arithmetic Population Density The calculation to find the number of people per unit of land (divide population by area of land)
Dot Maps A thematic map where a symbol (dot) represents a certain number of cases
Megalopolis An urban agglomeration that stretches from Washington, DC in the south to Boston, Massachusetts in the north
Natural Increase Rate Shows how a country’s population is changing without migration
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) Number of live births per 1000 people in a population in an area in a year
Crude Death Rate (CDR) Number of deaths per 1000 people in a population in an area in a year
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate Percentage of woman who are currently using or have a sexual partner as a method of conception
Doubling Time Time required for a population to double in size
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) The average number of children born to a woman of child-bearing age
Old-age Dependency Ratio Number of people 65 years or older for every 100 people between the ages of 15-64 (working age population)
Child Dependency Ratio Number of people between the ages of 0-14 for every 100 people between the ages of 15-64 (working age population)
Population Composition Structure of a population in terms of age, sex, and other properties such as marital status and education
Population Pyramids A graphic representation of the age and sex composition of a population
Demographic Transition Observation that a country’s birth rate and death rate change in predictable ways over stages of economic development
Zero Population Growth A state in which a population is maintained at a constant level because the number of deaths is exactly offset by the number of births
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) Probability per 1000 live births that a child will die before reaching age 1
Life Expectancy The average number of years a person is expected to live
Epidemiological Transition Change in the pattern of mortality in a society from a high mortality among infants
Infectious Diseases Diseases that are spread by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Infectious diseases diffuse directly or indirectly from human to human
Degenerative Disease (Generally) Long-lasting afflictions, now more common because of longer life expectancies
Genetic or Inherited Diseases Diseases caused by variation or mutation of a gene or group of genes in humans
Malaria Vectored disease spread by a certain type of mosquitoes
Expansive Population Policies Government policies designed to encourage large families and raise the rate of population growth
Eugenic Population Policies Govenment policies designed to limit population growth among a certain group of people
Restrictive Population Policies Government policies designed to reduce the rate of natural population increase (also called antinatalist)
Population Distribution Description of spatial distribution of people, including where large numbers of people live closely together and where few people live
Created by: RomyConn
Popular AP Human Geography sets

 

 



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