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Chapter 2 Vocabulary

Definitions for the 28 vocabulary words in Chapter 2.

Demography The study of things such as birth, income, death, and disease to show changes in human populations.
Population Density The number of people living in a particular unit of area of land.
Arithmetic Population Density Number of people living in a unit area of land.
Population Distribution Detail about the spatial distribution of people.
Dot Maps A type of thematic map where dots of differing sizes are used to show a number of cases for a phenomenon.
Megalopolis The urban agglomeration which goes from Washington, D.c., to Boston, Massachusetts.
Natural Increase Rate Difference between deaths and births every year.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) Number of births per 1000 people within a population per year.
Crude Death Rate (CDR) Number of deaths per 1000 people within a population per year.
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate Percent of women/partners using a method of contraception.
Doubling Time The time it takes for a population to double
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) The average number of children born to a woman.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio Number of people aged 65+ to people aged 15-64 (workers).
Child Dependency Ratio Number of people aged 0-14 to people aged 15-64 (workers).
Population Composition Structure of a population based on age, sex, and other factors.
Population Pyramid A graphic for the age and sex composition of a population.
Demographic Transition A prediction of change in a country's birth or death rate based on economic development,
Zero Population Growth The state of a population's birth rate being exact to its death rate.
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) The chance per 1000 births that a child will die before the age of 1.
Life Expectancy How long people in a population are predicted to live.
Epidemiological Transition Change in the pattern of mortality in a society from high mortality among infants and times of widespread famine to high mortality from degenerative diseases which coincide with longer life expectancies.
Infectious Diseases Disease spread by viruses, bacteria, and parasites.
Degenerative Diseases Disease which only gets worse over time.
Genetic or Inherited Diseases Disease caused by genetics, can not be spread.
Malaria A disease spread by mosquitos.
Expansive Population Policies Government policies designed to increase population.
Eugenic Population Policies Government policies deigned to limit population increase to certain people.
Restrictive Population Policies Government policies designed to reduce population.
Created by: Lucas Booher
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