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AP HUG Chp. 1

TermDefinitionOther Name
map a 2D or flat-scale model of Earth's surface or a portion of it map
cartography the science and practice of mapmaking cartography
projection the scientific method of depicting Earth's round surface to a flat map projection
absolute location an exact location on Earth's surface absolute location
relative location a location in relation to other nearby features relative location
reference map shows locations of places as well as human and natural geographic features reference map
thematic map depicts a characteristic thematic map
map scale the level of detail and the amount of area covered on a map map scale
meridian an arc drawn between the North and South poles meridian
longitude the numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians longitude
Prime Meridian 0 degrees longitude, passes through Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England. Prime Meridian
latitude the numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels latitude
parallel a circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians parallel
Greenwich Mean Time(GMT) the time at the Prime Meridian, the master reference time for all points on Earth Universal Time(UT)
International Date Line an arc that for the most part follows 180 Degrees longitude that resets the day when traveling International Date Line
Global Positioning System(GPS) a system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers GPS
geographic information science(GIScience) the development and analysis of data about Earth acquired through satellite and other electronic information technologies GIScience
geographic information system(GIS) a computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data GIS
remote sensing the acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or from other long-distance methods remote sensing
place a specific point on Earth, distinguished by a particular characteristic(s) place
location the position that a place occupies on Earth's surface location
toponym the name given to a place on Earth toponym
site the physical character of a place site
situation the location of a place relative to other places situation
region an area on Earth defined by 1 or more distinctive characteristics region
cultural landscape a combination of cultural, religious, economic, and physical features cultural landscape
formal region an area in which (nearly) everyone shares 1 or more distinctive characteristics formal region
functional region an area organized around a node or central point nodal region
vernacular region an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity perceptual region
culture what people care about culture
sense of place a strong case of identity and character that derives from our surroundings sense of place
geographic grid a system of imaginary arcs drawn in a grid pattern on Earth's surface geographic grid
isoline map use lines of equal value to represent data isoline map
choropleth map maps in which a specific variable is depicted with shading, patterns, or colors choropleth map
proportional symbol maps maps in which size of the symbol varies to the intensity of the mapped variable proportional symbol maps
dot map a thematic map in which a dot represents some frequency/occurrence of the mapped variable dot map
cartogram maps using relative size of political units to convey a value cartogram
geography the study of where things are found on Earth's surface and the reasons for their locations geography
Created by: Rootbeer427
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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