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Chapter 19 & 20

What is the process of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide, and is accomplished via the respirtory system, Respiration
The most important agents are the central depressants of the opium group(morphine,opium) and barbiturate group(phenobarbital, secobarbital) Respiratory depressants
Agents that dilate or widen the bronchioles of the lung allowing better air exchange. Bronchodilators
terbutaline sulfate Brethine....bronchodilator..tx: acute asthma attacks
theophylline Theo-24, Theolair, Uniphyl....bronchodilator..tx: asthma
Various drugs may be administered by inhalation directly to the respiratory tract to exert local bronchodilator or antiiflamatory effects. Administration of drugs by inhalation
albuterol Proventil, Ventolin....bronchodilator..tx: asthma
beclomethasone dipropionate Beclovent oral inhaler....bronchodilator..antiinflamatory,asthma
flunisolide nasal solution Aerobid....bronchodilator..tx: asthma, antiinflamatory
fluticasone propionate and salmeterol Advair Diskus.... bronchodilator..asthma
metaproternol sulfate inhaler Alupent, Metaprel....bronchiodilator..tx: asthma, emphysema
pirbuterol acetate Maxair....bronchodilator..tx: asthma, emphysema
salmeterol Serevent Diskus....bronchodilators..tx: asthma, emphysema
salmeterol xinafoate Serevent....bronchodilator..maintence of asthma
tiotropium bromide Spiriva....bronchodilator..tx: chronic bronchitis, emphysema
triamcinolone acetonide Azmacort....bronchodilator..tx: asthma
montelukast sodium Singulair....Antiinflamitory..tx: prevention of asthma
zafirlukast Accolate....Antiinflamatory..tx: prevention of asthma
cromolyn sodium Intal....other agent..tx: prevention of asthma
____ means that the heart is not circulating blood at a satiafactory rate to meet the body's demands. heart failure
__________is a drug that increases the contractiltty of the heart. Inotropic drugs
_________drug that promotes the formation and secreation of urine. Treats heart failure and hypertension. Diuretics
digoxin Lanoxin, Digitek....Inotropic drug..tx: strengthing of the heart musculature.
_________is a condition in which the heart is unable to circulate blood satisfactorily. Congestive Heart Failure...CHF
___ _______are the agents of choice to use for congestive heart failure. ACE inhibitors
benazepril Lotensin....Ace inhibitor..tx: CHF
catopril Capoten....Ace inhibitor..tx: CHF, hypertension
enalapril Vasotec....Ace inhibitor..tx: CHF, hypertension
fosinopril sodium Monopril....ACE inhibitor,,tx: CHF, hypertension
lisinopril Prinivil, Zestril....ACE inhibitor..tx: CHF, hypertension
quinapril Accupril....ACE inhibitor..tx: CHF, hypertension
ramipril Altace....ACE inhibitor..tx CHF, hypertension
____ ______are so named because they block the beta-adrenergic receptors in the sympathic nervous system Beta Blockers
atenolol Tenormin....beta blockers..tx: acute infarction, hypertension
bisoprolol fumarate Zebeta....beta blocker..tx: hypertension
carvedilol Coreg....beta blocker..tx: infarct, hypertension
metoprolol Toprol, Toprol-XL....beta blocker..tx: infarction, hypertension
nadolol Corgard....beta blocker..tx: hypertension and angina pectoris
propranolol hydrochloride Inderal....beta blocker..tx: infarction, arrhythmias, hypertension
pindolol Visken....beta blocker..tx: hypertension, angina
irbesartan Avapro....angiotensin II receptor blockers..tx: MI, HF
losartan Cozaar.... angiotensin II receptor blockers..tx:MI, HF
olmesartan Benicar....angiotensin II receptor blockers..tx: MI, HF
valsartan Diovan....angiotensin II receptor blockers..tx: MI, HF
spironolactone Aldactone....Aldosterone inhibitors..tx:CHF
disopyramide phosphate Norpace....treats arrhythmias..tx: arrhythmias
lidocaine hydrochloride Xylocaine....treats arrhythmias..tx: ventricular fibrillation
nadol Corgard....treats arrhythmias..tx: arrhythmias, hypertension
procainamide hydrochloride Pronestyl....treats arrhythmias,,tx: ventricular arrhythmias
propranolol hydrochloride Inderal....treats arrhythmias..tx: life- threatening arrhythmias
sotalol hydrochloride Betapace....treats arrhythmias..tx: prevents arrhythmias
_________brings about cinstriction of the muscle fibers in the walls of the blood vessels. Vasoconstrictors
epinephrine injection Adrenalin....vasoconstrictors..tx: constricts blood vessels, controls bleeding
_________cause the blood vessels to relax or increase in diameter, treatment of periheral vascular diseases, heart conditions, hypertension Vasodilators
glyceryl trinitrate nitroglycerin, Nitrostat....vasodilators..tx: prevents heart attacks
topical nitroglycerin Nitro-Dur....vasodilators..tx: (transdermal) prevents heart attacks
clonidine hydrochloride Catapres....central alpha agents..tx: hypertention
clonidine Catapress TTS....central alpha agents..tx: (transdermal) hypertension
methyldopa hydrochloride Aldomet....central alpha agents..tx: hypotensive effect
doxazosin mesylate Cadura....alpha blocker..tx: hypertension
terazosin hydrochloride Hytrin....alpha blocker..tx: postural hypotension
amlodipine besylate Norvasc....calcium channel blocker..tx: hypertension
diltiazem hydrochloride Cardizem....calcium channel blocker..tx: hypertension, angina pectoris
isradipine DynaCirc....calcium channel blocker..tx: hypertension
nicardipine Cardene....calcium channel blocker..tx: hypertension
verapamil hydrochloride Calan....calcium channel blocker..tx: hypertension, angina
________hasten the process of blood coagulation or clotting Coagulants
_________increase the time it takes for blood to coagulate. Anticoagulants
sodium heparin injection Heparin....anticoagulant..Heparin is not activ orally and must be given parenterlly
warfarin sodium Coumadin....caumarin anticoagulants..tx: blood clot formation
_________therapy inwhich blood clots are dissolved Thrombolytic therapy
alteplase, t-PA, rt-PA Activase....thrombloitic therapy..tx: MI
cilostazol Pletal....antiplatelet therapu..tx: intermittent claudication
clopidogrel bisulfate Plavix....antiplatelet therapy..tx: MI, Stroke
ticlopidine hydrochloride Ticlid....antiplatelet therapy..tx: thrombotic stroke
atorvastatin calcium Lipitor....antilipidemic..tx: cholesterol
cholestyramine for oral suspension Questran....antilipidemiic..tx: cholesterol
ezetimibe Zetia....antilipidemic..tx: cholesterol
fenofibrate Tricor....antilipidemic..tx: cholesterol
gemfibrozil Lopid....antilipidemic..tx: triglycerides
lovastatin Mevacor....antilipidemic..tx: cholesterol
pravastatin sodium Pravachol....antilipidemic..tx: cholesterol, triglycerides
rosuvastatin Crestor....antilipidemic..tx: hypercholesterolemia, dyslipidemia
simvastatin Zocor....antilipidemic..tx: cholesterol
nifedipine Procardia, Adalat....calcium channel blocker..tx: hypertension
Created by: jfrane