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Chapter 1 Vocabulary

Definitions for the 58

Geography The study of people, environment, space, and place.
Human Geography One of two major divisions of geography, which focuses on human population, culture, activities, and landscapes.
Globalization Interactions between populations which increase interdependence and relationships across borders.
Fieldwork Information gathered by researchers gather about physical and cultural landscapes, which focuses on seeing similarities and differences.
Patterns A description for the distribution of human or physical phenomena (for example, scattered or concentrated).
Physical Geography One of two major divisions of geography, which focuses on physical phenomena such as climate, environmental hazards, weather systems, animals, and topography.
Spatial Distribution The physical location of any geographic phenomenon, usually shown on a map.
Pandemic A worldwide outbreak of disease.
Epidemic A outbreak of disease within a particular location or region.
Spatial Perspective Studying where things occur, why the occur in a particular location, and how places are connected to each other.
Geographic Concepts Categories used to organize and analyze the world spatialy.
Location Position on the Earth, which includes absolute and relative location. One of the five themes of geography.
Absolute Location The precise location of a particular place, usually shown with longitude and latitude.
Relative Location Location of a place or attribute in reference to a different place or attribute.
Location Theory Understanding of the distribution of cities, services, industries, services or consumers, with the intention to explain why certain places are chosen as sites of production of consumption.
Human-environment Interactions Relationship between humans and the environment. One of the five themes of geography.
Environmental Determinism Theories of which use environmental differences to explain things such as intelligence and wealth.
Hearth The area or place of which a certain idea, innovation, or technology originates from.
Possibilism The theory that humans, not the environment, shape culture.
Carrying Capacity The idea of how much plant or animal life land can hold.
Political Ecology Studying human-environment interactions in the context of political, economic, and historical conditions from multiple perspectives.
Region An area of Earth defined as sharing formal, functional, or perceptual community that makes it stand out from regions around it. One of the five themes of geography.
Formal Region An area of land which shares common cultural or physical characteristics.
Cultural Triats Learned beliefs, norms, or values, passed down generations.
Functional Region An area of land which serves a common purpose in society.
Nodes Connections points within a network, of which goods flow in, out and through it.
Perceptual/Vernacular Region An area of land that an individual will percieve as similar.
Place The uniqueness of a particular location. One of the fives themes of geography.
Sense of Place Giving a place a meaning due to experiences in a place.
Perception of Place How a place is envisioned.
Movement The mobility of people, goods, and services across Earth. One of the five themes of geography.
Diffusion The spread of an idea, innovation, or technology from its hearth to other people and places.
Spatial Interaction The measure of connectivity between other people or places.
Distance How far two locations are from each other.
Accessibility Ease of flow between places.
Connectivity Position of a place relative to a certain network.
Expansion Diffusion The spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth without the help of people moving.
Contagious Diffusion A specific type of expansion diffusion of which an idea or innovation is spread from person to person or place to place based on proximity.
Hierarchical Diffusion A specific type of expansion diffusion of which an idea or innovation from person to person or place to place based on a hierarchy or connectedness.
Stimulus Diffusion Diffusion of two cultural traits blend into one distinct triat.
Relocation Diffusion Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by people moving and taking the idea or innovation along with them.
Cultural landscape The human imprint on a particular landscape.
Sequent occupance Imprints left on the cultural landscape by a series of previous societies.
Scale Geographical scope used to understand a particular phenomenon.
Rescale Changing the geographical scope when a problem is addressed by engaging decision makers and gatekeepers at a different scale.
Context The physical and human geographies of which create the place, environment, and space in which events occur and people act.
Cartography The science and art of creating maps.
Reference maps Maps that show absolute location of places and geographic features.
Thematic maps Maps that tell a story, usually showing the degree or movement of a geographic phenomenon using map symbols.
Global Positioning System (GPS) A satellite system used to find the absolute location of places and geographic features.
Mental maps Maps of an area made from memory or experience by a individual or group.
Activity Spaces Places which are the site of daily activity.
Terra Incognita Areas of maps of which are not well known due to being off limits or unknown.
Remote sensing Collecting data or information using tools during a distant study.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Computer hardware designed to show, analyze, and represent geographic data.
Culture Groups of beliefs, practices, or norms used by certain people.
Culture Complex A group of related cultural traits.
Cultural Ecology Study of historical interactions between humans and environment within a particular place.
Created by: Lucas Booher
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