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CSA Chapter 1

Basic Term Parts and Medical Records

-iatric pertaining to medicine, a physician, or healer
-iatry treatment
-logy study
-logist one who specializes in the study or treatment of
-ist one who specializes in
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
-poiesis formation
-scope instrument for examination
-scopy process of examination
-statis stop or stand
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
aer/o air, gas
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hydr/o water
py/o pus
ur/o urine
urin/o urine
abdomin/o abdomen
acr/o extremity or topmost
aden/o gland
angi/o vessel
arthr/o joint
cephal/o head
col/o colon
colon/o colon
cutane/o skin
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
hist/o tissue
lapar/o abdomen
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
nas/o nose
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
or/o mouth
oste/o bone
pneum/o air or lung
pneumon/o air or lung
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
vas/o vessel
carcin/o cancer
crin/o to secrete
esthesi/o sensation
fibr/o fiber
gen/o origin or production
gynec/o woman
lith/o stone
morph/o form
necr/o death
onc/o tumor or mass
orth/o straight, normal, correct
path/o disease
ped/o child or foot
phag/o eat or swallow
phas/o speech
phob/o exaggerated fear or sensitivity
plas/o formation
psych/o mind
scler/o hard
son/o sound
sten/o narrow
therm/o heat
tox/o poison
toxic/o posion
troph/o nourishment, development
A assessment
A&W alive and well
BP blood pressure
CC chief complaint
c/o complains of
CP chest pain
d day
Dx diagnosis
EtOH ethyl alcohol (beverage alcohol)
FH family history
HEENT head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
H&P history and physical
HPI history of present illness
PI present illness
Hx history
IMP impression
L&W living and well
NAD no acute distress
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
O objective information
OH occupational history
P plan (recommendation, disposition)
PE physical examination
Px physical examination
PERRLA pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accomodation
PH past history
PMH past medical history
Pt patient
R respiration
RTC return to clinic
R/O rule out
ROS review of systems
SR systems review
S subjective review
SH social history
SOAP subjective, objective, assessment, plan
SOB shortness of breath
STAT referring to something that should be done immediately
stat referring to something that should be done immediately
Sx symptoms
t.i.d three times a day
UCHD usual childhood diseases
WNL within normal limits
y.o. year old
yr year
lower case "c" with a bar over it with
lowercase "s" with a bar over it without
lip fat
lip/o fat
-emia blood condition
hyper- excessive
protein protein
-eal pertaining to
-ectasis expansion or dilation
-ectomy excision (removal)
-ia condition of
-itis inflammation
-megaly enlargement
-stomy creation of an opening
-tomy incision
oligo- few or different
para- alongside of, abnormal
peri- around
cardi/o heart
vascul/o vessel
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-dynia pain
-ium structure or tissue
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhexia rupture
sub- below or under
singular ending -is plural ending -es
singular ending -ma plural ending -mata
singular ending -on plural ending -a
singular ending -um plural ending -a
singular ending -us plural ending -i
singular ending -ax plural ending -aces
singular ending -ex plural ending -ices
singular ending -ix plural ending -ices
singular ending -y plural ending -ies
a- without
an- without
anti- against or opposed to
contra- against or opposed to
de- from, down, or not
ab- away from
ad- to, toward, or near
circum- around
dia- across or through
trans- across or through
e- out or away
ec- out or away
ecto- outside
exo- outside
extra- outside
en- within
endo- within
epi- upon
ex- out or away
infra- below or under
inter- between
intra- within
meso- middle
meta- beyon, after, or change
para- alongside of or abnormal
peri- around
retro- backward or behind
sub- below or under
bi- two or both
hemi- half
hyper- above or excessive
hypo- below or deficient
macro- large or long
micro- small
mono- one
multi- many
olig- few or deficient
pan- all
poly- many
semi- half
quadri- four
super- above or excessive
supra- above or excessive
tri- three
uni- one
ultra- beyond or excessive
ante- before
brady- slow
tachy- fast
post- after or behind
pre- before
pro- before
re- again or back
con- together or with
dys- painful, difficult, or faulty
eu- good or normal
neo- new
sym- together or with
syn- together or with
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-genisis origin or pproduction
-lysis breaking down or dissolution
-oid resembling
-penia abnormal reduction
-rrhea discharge
-spasm involuntary contraction
-cele pouching or hernia
-ectasis expansion or dilation
-iasis formation or presence of
-malacia softening
-oma tumor
-osis condition or increase
-phil attraction for
-philia attraction for
-ptosis falling or downward displacement
-rrhage excessive discharge (usually blood)
-rrhagia excessive discharge (usually blood)
-rrhexis rupture
-centesis puncture for aspiration
-desis binding
-ectomy excision (removal)
-pexy suspension or fixation
-plasty surgical repair or reconstruction
-stomy creation of an opening
-ation process
-e general indicator that a word is a person, place, or thing
-ism condition of
-y condition or process of
-ac pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
icle small
-ole small
-ula small
-ule small
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
singular ending -a plural ending -ae
Created by: alexandramila
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