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Chapter 1

Human Geo Vocabb

Geography the study of the way humans create and think of spaces as well as how they manipulate them
human geography the study of how humans are connected and interact with their environment and how
globalization the processes of interactions across borders that strengthen relationships and interconnectedness
fieldwork what a geographer does the gain more insight onto what they are studying
patterns the description of the dispersion of things on a map
physical geography the study of the characteristics of the physical environment
spatial distribution the physical locations of things that are usually shown on a map
pandemic the spread of disease globally
epidemic the spread of disease within a region
spatial perspective the way of studying the occurrence of things with keeping in mind the history and geography of that particular thing
geographic concepts categories used to help geographers understand case studies and make connections
location the geographical position of things on earth that can help explain how and why things occur
absolute location the description of location using unchanging characteristics (longitude and latitude)
relative location the description of location in relation to something else that may be easily changeable (street names)
location theory the understanding of geography that's goal is to be able to answer theoretical and practical questions (explain why things occur and where things should occur)
human-environment interactions the reciprocal relationship between humans and their environments
environmental determinism the idea that the physical environment controls/affects the society inhabiting that area's behavior
hearth the area where something like an idea, invention, or technology was born
possibilism (in response to environmental determinism) the idea that a societies choices depend on what is needed and what technology is available, and that their environment only limits their range of choices
carrying capacity the idea that an area of land can support a certain amount of life
cultural ecology the study of interaction between humans and their environments (culture as a system of adaptation)
political ecology the study of interaction between humans and their environments while keeping in mind the context of the political, economical, and historical situation of that particular time
region an area that is similar to the areas around it but still has something that differentiates itself from them
formal region a region with a shared cultural or physical trait
cultural traits a learned belief or norm that is passed down through generations in a culture (single attribute of culture)
functional region a region with a particular set of activities or interactions in it (common purpose)
nodes places that are centers in a functional region for ideas to flow in and out through it
perceptual/vernacular region intellectual constructs to understand the nature and distribution of phenomena in geography
place a unique location (toponym)
sense of place when humans associate a particular place with a particular meaning and emotion (hometown)
perception of place the perception we place on certain places after seeing/hearing about it
movement the mobility of things across the world (interconnectedness)
diffusion the spread of things (such as values and parts of culture) across the world from the origin
accessibility the ease of flow between places
connectivity the degree of linkage between places in a network
expansion diffusion the spread of something from its origin while keeping the original connection of it and its hearth strong
contagious diffusion when the spread of something is from mainly a result of person-to-person contact
hierarchical diffusion the spread of something based on a hierarchy of connectedness. (high fashion brands)
stimulus diffusion the process of diffusion where two cultural traits make a new distinct one
relocation diffusion the spread of something by the movement of individuals taking it with them
cultural landscape the visible human imprint
sequent occupance the sequential layered imprints of occupants
scale the geographical scope used to analyze a phenomenon (locally, globally, etc.)
rescale the change of the scale to engage decision makers and gatekeepers at another scale
context the whole situation surrounding something
cartography the art and science behind making maps
reference maps the certain maps that show the locations of geographic features
thematic maps the certain maps that show the amount of something or the movement of something
global positioning system (GPS) the satellite based system that can show us the location of places with great accuracy (24 satellites orbiting the earth)
mental maps our perception of the locations of places based off of our experience
activity spaces the spaces we move through routinely
terra incongnita areas of mental maps that are not well defined because they are unkown/off limits
remote sensing technology that gathers data at a distance from earths surface
geographic information systems (GIS) the combination of computers to analyze and show geographic data (google maps)
culture the whole lifestyle, values, and beliefs of a particular group of people
culture complex a group of a combination of cultural traits
spatial interaction the degree of contact among people or places
distance the amount of spaces between places or people
Created by: pl251781
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