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Chapter 1 Vocab


Geography The study of people, places, spaces, and the environment.
Human Geography One of the two divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human ideas and impact including culture,s, activities, and landscapes.
Globilization Process heightening interactions, increasing interdependence, and deepening relations across the country borders.
Fieldwork The observations that researchers make of physical and cultural landscapes by comparing and contrasting them.
Patterns Descriptions of the spatial distribution of a human or physical phenomenon.
Physical Geography One division of geography; the spatial analysis of physical landscape (patterns), such as a riverbank or the crest of a mountain ridge.
Spatial perspective Looking at where, why, and how things occur and how places are connected.
Geographic concepts Mental categories used to organize and analyze the world from a spatial perspective.
Location Position on earth using both absolute and relative location (one of the five categories of geography)
Absolute location Precise location of a place, usually using latitude and longitude to do so.
Relative loction The location of a place or attribute in reference to another place or attribute.
Location theory Understanding the distribution of cities, industries, services, or consumers with the goal of explaining why the places are chosen with production and/or consumption in mind.
Human-environment interactions The relationship between humans and the environment (one of the five themes of geography) and the causes that humans make.
Hearth Area or place where an idea, innovation, or technology originates.
Possibilism Theory in geography that humans, not the environment, shape culture.
Carrying capacity The idea that land can hold a certain amount of life (ie. humans and plants)
Cultural ecology Study of the historical interactions of humans and the environment in one place; studying the ways humans adapted to a place
Political ecology An approach to studying human-environment interactions in the way of political, economic, and historical conditions operating multiple scales.
Region Area of earth identified as sharing a formal, functional, or perception thing in common that makes it different from others. (one of the five themes of geography)
Formal region Area of land with common cultural or physical traits.
Cultural traits A learned belief, normality, or value passed down through generations in a culture.
Functional region Area of land defined as sharing a common purpose in society.
Nodes Connection point in a network, where goods and ideas flow throughout the network.
Perceptual/ Vernacular region Area of land that a person sees as being similar/ (Vernacular: a language used in interactions in a culture)
Place Uniqueness of a location (One of the five themes of Geography)
Sense of Place Including a place with meaning from the experiences in that location.
Perception of Place How a place is envisioned/ seen as.
Movement Mobility of humans, goods, and services across Earth (one of the five themes of geography)
Diffusion spread of an idea, innovation, or technology from its hearth to other people and places.
Spatial Interaction The amount of connectedness or contact of people and places
Distance The amount of space between one point and another.
Accesibility The amount of ease and flow between two places.
Connectivity Position of a place or area relative to others in a network.
Expansion diffusion The spread of an idea from its hearth across the world without people needing to move.
Contagious diffuson Spread of an idea from one person or place to another based on proximity.
Hierarchal diffusion Spread of an idea from one person or place to another based on a hierarchy.
Stimulus diffusion A process of diffusion where to cultural traits come together to make a unique trait,
Relocation diffusion Spread of an idea from people moving and taking the idea with them.
Cultural landscape The visual human impact on the landscape.
Sequent occupance Imprints left on the cultural landscape by a series of societies.
Scale Geographical scope in where we understand and research phenomenons on a local national or global level.
Rescale Changing the geographical scope at which a problem is addressed by engaging decision makers at another scale.
Context The physical and human geographies crating the place, environment, and space where event occur.
Cartography The art and science of map making.
Reference maps Maps showing absolute location of places and geographical features.
Thematic maps A map that tells a story, usually show the degree of one characteristic or the movement of a geographic idea using symbols.
Global Positioning System (GPS) Satellite based system that determines absolute location of places or geographic features.
Mental maps Maps of an area made of an area made from memory or experience by a human or a group
Activity spaces Places within the rounds of daily activity.
Terra incognita Areas on maps that are not well detailed because they are off limits or they are unknowns.
Remote sensing A method of collecting data or information through the use of technology/ tools that are far away from the area of study.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) A system of computer hardware and software designed to show, analyze,and represent geographic data.
Culture Group belief systems, normalities, or values practiced by people.
Culture Complex A group of interrelated culture traits. such as dress coeds and cooking utensils.
Pandemic An outbreak of disease that spreads worldwide.
Epidemic A rapid amount of disease among people in a particular location or region at a point in time.
Spatial distribution Physical locations of geographic phenomena, usually shown on a map.
environmental determinism Set of theories that use environmental differences to explain everything from intelligence to wealth.
Created by: Pl251951
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