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|the study of the spaces and places people create on the ground and in their minds, and the ways in which people use and shape the environment.
|how we organize ourselves and our activities in space; how we are connected to one another and the environment; how we make places and how those places in turn shape our lives; and how we think about and organize ourselves locally and globally.
|a set of processes that are increasing interactions, deepening relationships, and accelerating connectedness across country borders
|“go out in the field and see what people are doing, we talk to people and observe how their actions and reactions vary across space, and we develop maps and other visualizations that help us situate and analyze what we learn.”
|Description of the spatial distribution of a human or physical phenomenon (e.g., scattered or concentrated)
|the study of the spatial and material characteristics of the physical environment
|Physical locations of geographic phenomena ( usually on maps)
|A worldwide outbreak of a disease
|Regional outbreak of a disease
|Looking at where things happen, how they happen, and how places are interconnected
|include location (absolute and relative), human-environment interactions, region, place, movement, cultural landscape, scale, and context. Help us think geographically and make connections
|Geographical position of people and things on Earth’s surface
|Precise location of something. Usually measured in coordinates ( latitude and longitude)
|Where something is in relation to something or somewhere else
|Understanding the distribution of cities, industries, services, or consumers with the goal of explaining why places are chosen as sites of production or consumption. The von Thünen model is an example.
|Human- environment interactions
|the reciprocal (mutually affecting each other) relationship between humans and the physical world
|the idea that individual and collective human behavior is fundamentally affected by, or even controlled by, the physical environment.
|the area or place where an idea, innovation, or technology originates
|“The choices that a society makes depend on what its members need and on what technology is available to them”
|an area of land can support a certain number of people and species ( no more)
|concerned with culture as a system of adaptation to and alteration of the environment
|fundamentally concerned with the environmental consequences of dominant political-economic arrangements and assumptions
|an area of Earth with a degree of similarity that differentiates it from surrounding areas.
|An area of land with a shared trait, either physical or cultural
|A learned belief, norm, or value passed down through generations in a culture.
|An area that has a common purpose
|places that function as central connecting points for a functional region
|Images people carry in their minds based on accumulated knowledge of peoples, places, and things.
|The uniqueness of a location
|Sense of place
|Infusing a place with a meaning based on personal experiences of that place
|Perception of place
|Someone’s view on a place through secondhand information (movies, books, etc)
|Mobility of people, goods, and services across Earth (one of the five themes of geography)
|the spread of an idea, innovation, or technology from its hearth (origin) to other people and places
|Degree of connectedness or contact among people or places
|The measured physical space between 2 places
|How easy it is to reach one place from another
|Position of a place or area relative to others in a network.
|The spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth across space without the aid of people moving
|When expansion diffusion occurs primarily as result of person-to-person contact
|a type of expansion diffusion that starts with the knowers, those who have already adopted the idea or innovation, and then diffuses through a hierarchy of most linked people or most linked places.
|the process of diffusion where two cultural traits blend to create a distinct trait
|when an idea or innovation spreads from its hearth by the action of people moving and taking the idea or innovation with them. primarily happens through migration.
|The visible human imprint on a landscape
|the imprint made by a series of people living on a landscape—each creating a layer on top of the one that came before
|Geographical scope (local, national, or global) in which we analyze and understand a phenomenon
|Changing the geographical scope at which a problem is addressed by engaging decision makers and gatekeepers at another scale.
|the bigger picture in which a human or physical geography phenomenon takes place.
|The art and science of making maps, as old as geography itself
|show locations of places and geographic features.
|A map that tells a story, typically showing the degree of some attribute or the movement of a geographic phenomenon using map symbols.
|Global Positioning System
|GPS. Satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features
|maps in our minds of places we have been and places we have merely heard of.
|The spaces we move through routinely
|Areas on maps that are not well defined because they are off limits or unknown to the map maker
|is a method of collecting data or information through instruments that are physically distant from the area of study.
|Geographic information systems
|GIS. combine computer hardware and software to show, analyze, and represent geographic data
|Group of belief systems, norms, and values practiced by a people.
|A group of interrelated cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.