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Chapter 1 Vocabulary
AP Human Geo Chapter 1 Vocabulary
|The spatial study of people, place, space, and environment.
|One of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human phenomena, including population, cultures, activities, and landscapes.
|Processes heightening interactions, increasing interdependence, and deepening relations across country borders.
|Observations researchers make of physical and cultural landscapes with a focus on seeing similarities and differences.
|Description of the spatial distribution of a human or physical phenomenon (e.g., scattered or concentrated).
|One of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of physical phenomena, including climate, environmental hazards, weather systems, animals, and topography.
|Physical locations of geographic phenomena, usually shown on a map.
|An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide.
|Widespread, rapid diffusion of disease among a people in a particular location or region at a particular time.
|Looking at where things occur, why they occur where they do, and how places are interconnected.
|Mental categories used to organize and analyze the world spatially.
|Position on Earth, including both absolute location and relative location (one of the five themes of geography).
|Precise location of a place, usually defined by latitude and longitude.
|The location of a place or attribute in reference to another place or attribute.
|Understanding the distribution of cities, industries, services, or consumers with the goal of explaining why places are chosen as sites of production or consumption.
|Reciprocal relationship between humans and environment (one of the five themes of geography).
|Set of theories that use environmental differences to explain everything from intelligence to wealth.
|Area or place where an idea, innovation, or technology originates.
|Theory in geography that humans, not environment, shape culture.
|The idea that land can hold a measurable amount of plant and animal life.
|Study of the historical interaction between humans and environment in a place, including ways humans have modified and adapted to environment.
|An approach to studying human-environment interactions in the context of political, economic, and historical conditions operating at multiple scales.
|Area of Earth identified as sharing a formal, functional, or perceptual commonality that makes it different from regions around it (one of the five themes of geography).
|Area of land with common cultural or physical traits.
|A learned belief, norm, or value passed down through generations in a culture.
|Area of land defined as sharing a common purpose in society.
|Connection points in a network, where goods and ideas flow in, out, and through the network.
|Area of land that an individual perceives as being similar.
|Uniqueness of a location (one of the five themes of geography).
|Infusing a place with meaning as a result of experiences in a place.
|Sense of Place
|How a place is envisioned.
|Perception of Place
|Mobility of people, goods, and services across Earth (one of the five themes of geography).
|Spread of an idea, innovation, or technology from its hearth to other people and places.
|Degree of connectedness or contact among people or places.
|The measured physical space between two things.
|Ease of flow between two places.
|Position of a place or area relative to others in a network.
|The spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth across space without the aid of people moving.
|Spread of an idea or innovation from one person or place to another person or place based on proximity. Specific type of expansion diffusion.
|Spread of an idea or innovation from one person or place to another person or place based on a hierarchy of connectedness. Specific type of expansion diffusion.
|A process of diffusion where two cultural traits blend to create a distinct trait.
|Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea or innovation with them.
|The visible human imprint on the landscape.
|Imprints left on the cultural landscape by a series of successive societies. Each society contributed to the cumulative cultural landscape.
|Geographical scope (local, national, or global) in which we analyze and understand a phenomenon.
|Changing the geographical scope at which a problem is addressed by engaging decision makers and gatekeepers at another scale.
|The physical and human geographies creating the place, environment, and space in which events occur and people act.
|The art and science of making maps.
|Maps showing absolute location of places and geographic features.
|A map that tells a story, typically showing the degree of some attribute or the movement of a geographic phenomenon using map symbols.
|Satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features.
|Global Positioning System (GPS)
|Maps of an area made from memory or experience by individuals or groups (also known as cognitive maps).
|The spaces people move through routinely.
|Areas on maps that are not well defined because they are off limits or unknown to the map maker.
|A method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments (e.g., satellites) that are physically distant from the area of study.
|A system of computer hardware and software designed to show, analyze, and represent geographic data (data that have locations).
|Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
|Group of belief systems, norms, and values practiced by a people.
|A group of interrelated cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.