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Chapter 1 Vocabulary

AP Human Geo Chapter 1 Vocabulary

The spatial study of people, place, space, and environment. Geography
One of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human phenomena, including population, cultures, activities, and landscapes. Human Geography
Processes heightening interactions, increasing interdependence, and deepening relations across country borders. Globalization
Observations researchers make of physical and cultural landscapes with a focus on seeing similarities and differences. Fieldwork
Description of the spatial distribution of a human or physical phenomenon (e.g., scattered or concentrated). Patterns
One of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of physical phenomena, including climate, environmental hazards, weather systems, animals, and topography. Physical Geography
Physical locations of geographic phenomena, usually shown on a map. Spatial distribution
An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide. Pandemic
Widespread, rapid diffusion of disease among a people in a particular location or region at a particular time. Epidemic
Looking at where things occur, why they occur where they do, and how places are interconnected. Spatial perspective
Mental categories used to organize and analyze the world spatially. Geographic concepts
Position on Earth, including both absolute location and relative location (one of the five themes of geography). Location
Precise location of a place, usually defined by latitude and longitude. Absolute location
The location of a place or attribute in reference to another place or attribute. Relative location
Understanding the distribution of cities, industries, services, or consumers with the goal of explaining why places are chosen as sites of production or consumption. Location theory
Reciprocal relationship between humans and environment (one of the five themes of geography). Human-environment interactions
Set of theories that use environmental differences to explain everything from intelligence to wealth. Environmental determinism
Area or place where an idea, innovation, or technology originates. Hearth
Theory in geography that humans, not environment, shape culture. Possibilism
The idea that land can hold a measurable amount of plant and animal life. Carrying capacity
Study of the historical interaction between humans and environment in a place, including ways humans have modified and adapted to environment. Cultural Ecology
An approach to studying human-environment interactions in the context of political, economic, and historical conditions operating at multiple scales. Political Ecology
Area of Earth identified as sharing a formal, functional, or perceptual commonality that makes it different from regions around it (one of the five themes of geography). Region
Area of land with common cultural or physical traits. Formal Region
A learned belief, norm, or value passed down through generations in a culture. Cultural traits
Area of land defined as sharing a common purpose in society. Functional Region
Connection points in a network, where goods and ideas flow in, out, and through the network. Nodes
Area of land that an individual perceives as being similar. Perceptual/Vernacular Region
Uniqueness of a location (one of the five themes of geography). Place
Infusing a place with meaning as a result of experiences in a place. Sense of Place
How a place is envisioned. Perception of Place
Mobility of people, goods, and services across Earth (one of the five themes of geography). Movement
Spread of an idea, innovation, or technology from its hearth to other people and places. Diffusion
Degree of connectedness or contact among people or places. Spatial Interaction
The measured physical space between two things. Distance
Ease of flow between two places. Accessibility
Position of a place or area relative to others in a network. Connectivity
The spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth across space without the aid of people moving. Expansion Diffusion
Spread of an idea or innovation from one person or place to another person or place based on proximity. Specific type of expansion diffusion. Contagious Diffusion
Spread of an idea or innovation from one person or place to another person or place based on a hierarchy of connectedness. Specific type of expansion diffusion. Hierarchical Diffusion
A process of diffusion where two cultural traits blend to create a distinct trait. Stimulus Diffusion
Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea or innovation with them. Relocation Diffusion
The visible human imprint on the landscape. Cultural landscape
Imprints left on the cultural landscape by a series of successive societies. Each society contributed to the cumulative cultural landscape. Sequent occupance
Geographical scope (local, national, or global) in which we analyze and understand a phenomenon. Scale
Changing the geographical scope at which a problem is addressed by engaging decision makers and gatekeepers at another scale. Rescale
The physical and human geographies creating the place, environment, and space in which events occur and people act. Context
The art and science of making maps. Cartography
Maps showing absolute location of places and geographic features. Reference maps
A map that tells a story, typically showing the degree of some attribute or the movement of a geographic phenomenon using map symbols. Thematic maps
Satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features. Global Positioning System (GPS)
Maps of an area made from memory or experience by individuals or groups (also known as cognitive maps). Mental maps
The spaces people move through routinely. Activity spaces
Areas on maps that are not well defined because they are off limits or unknown to the map maker. Terra Incognita
A method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments (e.g., satellites) that are physically distant from the area of study. Remote sensing
A system of computer hardware and software designed to show, analyze, and represent geographic data (data that have locations). Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Group of belief systems, norms, and values practiced by a people. Culture
A group of interrelated cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils. Culture Complex
Created by: pl250691
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