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Buddhism - Revision

TermDefinition
Puja A name for Buddhist worship
Stupa Circular mounds with a tower on top. Early stupas held the ashes of the original Buddha
Pagoda A taller, thinner variant of a Stupa found in China.
Monastery A place of shelter and study for Buddhist monks and nuns.
Theravadin Shrine An unadorned place of meditation of Theravadin Buddhists, often with an elevated statue of a Buddha.
Thai Temple Also called a Wat in Thailand. It is a place of worship and community gathering. Often colourful and contains a Stupa, a Bodhi Tree and an image of the Buddha.
Pilgrimage A special Journey people often make to places of significance to Buddha or Buddhism. This journey is often part of someone’s search for enlightenment.
Meditation The act of controlling one’s mind, it is used as a means to reach enlightenment
Mantras Chants that Tibetan Buddhists use in worship to help focus the mind. Often a word or sound spoken in Sanskrit, they are not easily translated into English.
Mudras Hand positions of Buddha. Used to help focus the mind in Buddhist Ceremonies, Dances and Meditations.
Mandala A circular figure used to symbolise the universe in Buddhism. It is a pattern of images with spiritual meaning, often created out of coloured sand.
Prayer An expression of thanks, or a request for help to a religious figure/ God.
Prayer Wheels A revolving (spinning) cylinder inscribed with prayers, representing the repetition of prayer for Buddhists
The Three Jewels Three core ideals common to all Buddhists
Theravada Buddhism A branch of Buddhism that believe individuals are responsible for their own salvation
Mahayana Buddhism A branch of Buddhism that believes people are not isolated but that one should help others reach enlightenment
Tibetan Buddhism A branch of Buddhism from Tibet that believes in Bodhisattvas (enlightened ones), they believe the Dalai Lama is a reincarnation of a Bodhisattva.
Zen Buddhism A branch of Buddhism that does not focus on either scriptures or Bodhisattvas, but rather on experience and training the mind.
Sangha A community in which Buddhist monks and nuns live.
Tipitaka/Tripitaka Sacred texts of Buddhism, meaning “three baskets”.
Sanskrit The ancient religious language of India
The Three Universal Truths Three truths that explain the cause of suffering
The Four Noble Truths Buddha’s guidelines on how to overcome suffering.
The Noble Eightfold Path Eight guidelines that teach Buddhists how to follow the Middle Path.
The Middle Path Not being too wealthy, and not depriving yourself of everything, the middle path is a middle ground between the two extremes.
Dharma in Buddhism, the Dharma refers to the teachings of the Buddha.
The Five Precepts These are five guidelines for Buddhists to follow.
Nirvana a state of peace and tranquility - also known as enlightenment – giving freedom from the cycle of rebirth and suffering.
Siddhartha Gautama a Hindu prince who became the founder of Buddhism.
Buddha Someone who has gained Enlightenment
Buddhism A religion in which followers seek enlightenment
Buddhist A follower od Buddhism
Bodhi Tree The sacred fig tree of ‘Wisdom’ under which the Buddha gained enlightenment. It Is also a symbol representing wisdom and victory over suffering.
Enlightenment True understanding about the way that things are
The Lotus Flower A symbol in Buddhism which represents the life of Buddha, journeying through a troubled world. It represents Dukkha and enlightnement as well. The lotus’ roots are mired in mud, the flower blooms above the water.
Wheel of Dharma A symbol of a wheel depicting the Noble Eightfold Path, or representing the Buddha’s first teachings.
Created by: Ms Brough
 

 



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