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Preparation Quiz #6

Review quiz for Chapters 1 - 8

Why is medical language helpful? Medical language allows for clear and quick communication using a common language. It also allows the patient to feel comforted by the doctor’s knowledge of their disease and the treatment options.
Why was Greek and Latin used for medical language? The foundations of western medicine were in Greece and Rome. Latin was the global language of the scientific revolution. They are dead languages and never change so they serve as a common language.
When do you pronounce C as a soft C and what does it sound like? You use a soft C when the C comes before E, I, or Y. It sounds like an S.
How do you pronounce pneu? pneu is pronounced noo.
How do you break cardiac arrest into syllables? car-di-ac a-rrest
What is the importance of health records? They contain information crucial to patient care, a roadmap to the patient's health history, and provide a clearer picture of the best route to take in future treatment of the patient. Typically presented as a SOAP note.
What does each part of the SOAP note mean and give examples? S – subjective: what they say; O – objective: what you see/test say; A – assessment: what you think is going on; P – plan: what you want to do about it.
What does review of systems mean? Review of systems is a description of each individual body system but is oddly enough put in the objective section of the SOAP note.
What is a discharge summary? A letter written by a doctor that saw that patient at the hospital. It tells the treatments provided and why they were given, and what type of follow up they are to have now that they are discharged from the hospital.
What does ichthy/o mean? The root ichthyo means scaly.
What does rhytid/o mean? The root rhytido means wrinkled.
What does pachyo mean? The root pachyo means thick.
What does pilo and tricho mean? The roots pilo and tricho mean hair.
What does leukoderma mean? Leukoderma means whiteness of skin.
What does xeroderma mean? Xeroderma means dry skin.
What does erythroderma mean? Erythroderma means redness of the skin.
How do you phonetically spell, pronounce, and break into syllables the word hemathidrosis? heh-mat-ih-DROH-sis he/math/i/dro/sis
What syllable gets the emphasis in dermopathy? The second syllable receives the emphasis in derMOpathy.
What does ankylo mean? The root ankylo means stiff or bent.
What does fascio mean? The root fascio means fascia which are the fibrous connective tissues that bind muscles together.
Identify and define each part of the word metacarpectomy. Meta means after carp means wrist ectomy means removal
How do you phonetically spell, pronounce, and break into syllables the word costochondritis? KAW-stoh-kawn-DRAI-tis co/sto/chon/dri/tis
What syllable gets the emphasis in hypotonia? The third syllable receives the emphasis in hypoTOnia.
What does asthenia mean? The suffix asthenia means weakness.
What does gnosi mean? The root gnosi means know.
What does myelo mean? The root myelo means spinal cord or bone marrow.
Identify and define each part of the word hypnotic? hypno means sleep tic means agent
Break the following word into its parts: echoencephalography. echo / encephalo / graphy
What does each of the following syllables mean: oculo, opthalmo opto, opia? The roots oculo, opthalmo and opto mean eye. The suffix opia means vision condition.
What does conjunctivo mean? The root conjunctivo means conjunctiva which is a clear membrane that covers the sclera and lines the eyelids.
What does lacrimo mean? The root lacrimo means tears.
What does salpingo mean? The root salpingo means eustachian tubes but can also mean fallopian tubes.
What does acouso mean? The root acouso means hearing or sound.
What does labyrintho mean and what does it do? The root labyrintho means labyrinth which is the innermost part of the ear. It contains the cochlea which controls hearing and the vestibular system which controls balance.
Identify and define each part of the word tympanic perforation. Tympan means eardrum ic means pertaining to per means through for means pierce ation means condition
Identify and define each part of the word sclerokeratitis. scerlo means sclera kerat means cornea itis means inflammation
How do you phonetically spell, pronounce, and break into syllables the word phakitis? fah-KAI-tis pha/ki/tis
Break down the word akinetopsia. a means no kinet means movement opsia means vision condition
What does the word adreno and adrenalo mean? The roots adreno and adrenalo mean adrenal gland which is in the kidney and makes hormones for the fight-or-flight response to danger. The root adeno means gland.
What does tropin mean? The suffix tropin means stimulating hormone.
Identify and define each part of the word hypoparathyroidism. hypo means under para means beside thyroid means thyroid ism means condition
How do you phonetically spell, pronounce, and break into syllables the word thyrotropin? THAI-roh-TRO-pin thy/ro/tro/pin
Break the following word into parts: hypergonadism? Hyper means over gonad means gonads (sex organs) ism means condition
What are the three types of blood cells? Red blood cells (erythrocytes) - bring oxygen to the all cells of the body and takes away waste; White blood cells (leukocytes) – fight infection; Platelets (thrombocytes) – small cells that make scabs for the body; patch things up.
What does thymo mean? The root thymo means thymus which is an organ found at the base of the neck, under the sternum, and in front of the heart.
What does penia mean? The suffix penia means deficiency.
Identify and define each part of the word thromboplastin. thrombo means clot plastin means reconstruction
Identify and define each part of the word elliptocytosis. ellipto means oval shaped cyt means cells osis means condition
What is a symptom? A symptom is something that the patient feels.
Which syllable gets the emphasis in onychia? oNYChia
Created by: akibel6854
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