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Ancient India

Who was Siddhartha Gautama? A prince in India. Siddhartha later becomes "Buddha".
Who was Buddha? His original name was Siddhartha Gautama. He tried to figure out why suffering occurs and how to stop suffering. Buddha's teachings form the basis of Buddhism.
What does the word "enlightenment" mean? The "light" comes on - a person sees what he could not see before. To become aware or knowledgeable about something you did not know before.
What is "Buddhism"? Buddhism is one of the of the major religions in the world today.
Where did "Buddhism" begin? India
Where is Buddhism found today? All over the world - but predominately in Asia, particularly China and Japan
What is the "Middle Way" in Buddhism? Buddha believed that we should live our lives in the "middle" neither denying ourselves what life has to offer, nor living in great luxury desiring lots of things.
What are the "Four Noble Truths" in Buddhism? Life brings suffering, suffering comes about because of desires & attachment, suffering can be reduced, follow the Eightfold Path.
What is the "Eightfold Path" in Buddhism? The eight things you must do to alleviate suffering.
What is "reincarnation"? The belief that the soul does not die with the body, but is reborn again in another form.
What is "nirvana"? The state in which a person not longer needs to continue with the cycle of birth/death/rebirth in Buddhism
Where did people in India first settle? Indus River Valley
What were the two major cities in this civilization? Harappa and Mohenjo Daro
Who were the Harappans? First settlers that established a civilization in Ancient India
What made Harappan cities unique for the time? Pre-planned, precise grid system, oven baked bricks in standard size, drainage/sewer systems
What contributed to the decline of the Harappan civilization? Tectonic plate collision; earthquakes; drought; rivers dry up
Who were the Aryans? Nomads from the north;settled in the Indus River Valley
What was the name of the Aryan written language? Sanskrit
What is a monsoon? Seasonal wind
How did the caste system in India form? Created when the Aryans conquered the Harappans
What was the caste system? A rigid social class system set up by the Aryans
Who were the “untouchables”/”outcastes”? The lowest social class – outside the caste system. They were the darker skinned Harappans.
What two major world religions originated in India? Hinduism & Buddhism
What religion is most practiced in India today? Hindusim
Describe the beliefs of “Hinduism”. Recincarnation, monotheistic/polytheistic
What is “karma”? The belief that good deeds bring about good things in this life and the next and that bad deeds bring about bad things in this life and the next.
Why do many people in India put dead bodies or cremated ashes in the Ganges River? Hindus believe that all rivers are holy and that the Ganges Rivers is the holiest of all rivers. When a person dies, it is necessary to place the physical body in the river in order for the spirit to be carried into the next life.
What are “ascetics”? A person who gives up physical comforts in order to become more spiritual
What does the word Buddha mean? The “Enlightened One”
What is "moksha"? The belief in Hinduism that at some point you no longer need to reincarnate
What were the teachings of the Buddha? Middle Way, Four Noble Truths, Eight-Fold Path, Reincarnation
Why are cows sacred in India? History and tradition; cows are givers of life - milk, yogurt, cheese, etc.
When did civilization in India begin? 2500 B.C.
What is "dharma"? The idea in Hinduism that everyone has duties and responsibilities they must fulfill in their caste level.
Created by: Benson_Deborah