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Chapter 10 BrittanyS

Medical Terms

QuestionAnswer
adenoid/o means adenoid (lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx).
tonsill/o means tonsil (lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx).
nas/o, mean nose.
rhin/o mean nose.
palat/o means palate
or/o means mouth.
laryng/o means larynx (voice box).
sept/o means septum
sin/o mean sinus (a hollow space).
sinus/o mean sinus (a hollow space).
pneum/o mean lung or air (based on context of use).
pneumat/o mean lung or air (based on context of use).
pneumon/o mean lung or air (based on context of use).
pulmon/o means lungs.
lob/o means lobe.
bronch/o, mean bronchus
bronchi/o mean bronchus
bronchiol/o means bronchiole (little bronchi).
alveol/o means alveoli (air sac).
stern/o means sternum.
cost/o means rib.
thorac/o mean chest.
pector/o (pectus) mean chest.
steth/o mean chest.
pleur/o means pleura (membrane that surrounds the lung and chest wall).
phren/o means diaphragm.
Inspiration -Diaphragm and intercostal muscles contract -Pressure in the chest decreases -Air is “sucked” into the lungs
Expiration Passive, does not require muscle contraction
Respiration is a complete cycle of inspiration and expiration.
ox/o means oxygen.
spir/o mean breathing.
-pnea mean breathing.
capn/o mean carbon dioxide.
carb/o mean carbon dioxide.
ABG arterial blood gas
Bx biopsy
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
URI upper respiratory tract infection
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome
LTB laryngotracheobronchiti
OSA obstructive sleep apnea
PE pulmonary embolism
TB tuberculosis
CTA clear to auscultation
SOB shortness of breath
ET endotracheal tube
PFT pulmonary function test
PSG polysomnography
T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
Nares two of them, right and left; the entry way into the nose
Septum cartilage and bone that separates the nose into right and left sides
Turbinates cartilages that swirl the air; done so it will increase contact with the inside of the nose to heat, humidify, and filter it
Vascular large amount of blood vessels so that it will heat the incoming airs
Mucus helps to humidify and trap dirt, debris, and pathogens from the air
The lower respiratory tract starts at the trachea and ends at the alveoli.
The trachea divides into right and left bronchi, which enter the right and left lungs.
From the bronchi, the airways divide and become progressively smaller.
There is a bronchi for each lobe and segment of the lungs.
From the segmental bronchi, the airways become very small (bronchioles) and end in microscopic air sacs called alveoli (singular is alveolus).
Gas exchange occurs at the level of the alveoli.
V/Q VQ scan is an imaging test that uses a ventilation (V) scan to measure air flow in your lungs and a perfusion (Q) scan to see where the blood flows in your lungs
 

 



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