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Mohammed/Chapter8

QuestionAnswer
coagul/o means coagulation
thromb/o means clot.
hem/o, mean blood.
hemat/o mean blood.
cyt/o means cell.
leuk/o means white.
phleb/o, mean vein.
ven/o mean vein.
lymph/o means lymph.
myel/o means bone marrow.
-emia means blood
tonsill/o means tonsil.
splen/o means spleen.
thym/o means thymus.
immun/o means immune system.
-penia means deficiency.
antigen – substance that will cause the production of an antibody
antibody – substance produced by the body in response to an antigen
immunoglobulin – protein that provides protection (immunity) against disease
hemoglobin – protein in the RBCs that carries oxygen
CBC – complete blood cell count
RBC – red blood count (erythrocyte count)
Hct – hematocrit (proportion of erythrocytes to other blood components (plasma and buffy coat))
Hgb – hemoglobin
PLT – platelet
WBC – white blood count (leukocyte count
ESR – erythrocyte sedimentation rate (indication of inflammation, but very general test) I
NR – international normalized ratio (indication of clotting ability; often used when a patient is on anticoagulant therapy)
PT – prothrombin time (indication of clotting ability; often used when a patient is on anticoagulant therapy)
PTT – partial thromboplastin time (used with PT to evaluate clotting abnormalities, if any)
NCAT – no cervical adenopathy or tenderness (documented by healthcare provider)
ALL – acute lymphoblastic leukemia A
AML – ormation of clots in small vessels of the body) acute myeloid leukemia
CML – chronic myeloid leukemia
DIC – disseminated intravascular coagulation
HUS – hemolytic uremic syndrome (premature destruction of erythrocytes; erythrocytes damage kidney; may result in kidney failure)
ITP – idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (condition of easy bruising)
TTP – thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (rare blood disorder; f
IV – intravenous
IVIG – intravenous immunoglobulin (immunoglobulins are given to the patient intravenously)
HIV – human immunodeficiency virus
AIDS – acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (disease that occurs as a result of being infected with HIV)
EBV – Epstein-Barr virus (can lead to mononucleosis)
HSM – hepatosplenomegaly
LAD – lymphadenopathy
apheresis seperation of whole blood into its major components and removal of the abnormal , pathogenic component.
ischemia is an insufficient supply of blood to an organ.
perfusion the circulation of blood through the vascular bed of tissue
hematocrit measure of how much space in the blood is occupied by red blood cells.
erythrocytosis – condition of too many erythrocytes
oligocythemia – condition of too few erythrocytes (RBCs)
normocyte – normal-sized RBC
anisocytosis – great inequality in the size of RBCs
macrocytosis – condition of large RBCs
microcytosis – – condition of small RBCs
Created by: NuhaMohammed2
 

 



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