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MedTerm-Chapter 11

TermDefinition
gastric resection partial removal and repair of the stomach
cholecystectomy excision of the gallbladder
bariatric surgery treatment of morbid obesity by surgery to the stomach and/or intestines
anastomosis a surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures
abdominocentesis puncture of the abdomen for aspiration of fluid
stool occult blood study chemical test of a stool specimen to detect the presence of blood
Cholecystogram x-ray of the gallbladder after oral ingestion of iodine
Barium enema xray of the lower intestence after being given a dye
fluoroscopy visualization of body parts in motion by projecting x-ray images on a luminous fluorescent screen
Capsule endoscopy the use of a tiny video camera in a capsule that the patient swallows
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) visual examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
Needle biopsy percutaneous removal of tissue or fluid using a special, hollow needle
incisional biopsy removal of a selected portion of a lesion
Hepatitis B inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV), which is transmitted sexually or by exposure to contaminated blood or body fluids
Hepatitis C inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is transmitted by exposure to infected blood; this strain is rarely contracted sexually
Hepatitis A inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), usually transmitted orally through fecal contamination of food or water
Cholelithiasis gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
Choledocholithiasis condition of stones in the common bile duct
Volvulus twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction
Proctitis inflammation of the rectum and anus
Intussusception prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen of the adjoining part
Ileitis inflammation of the lower portion of the small intestine
Strangulated Hernia hernia that is constricted, cut off from circulation, and likely to become gangrenous
Incarcerated Hernia hernia that is swollen and fixed within a sac, causing an obstruction
Hiatal Hernia protrusion of a part of the stomach upward through the opening in the diaphragm
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
dysentery inflammation of the intestine characterized by frequent, blood stools; most often caused by bacteria or protozoa
diverticulum an abnormal side pocket in the gastrointestinal tract; usually related to a lack of dietary fiber
sessilis low growing
pediculated polyp polyp that is projected on a stalk
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) backflow of contents of the stomach into the esophagus, often resulting from abnormal function of the lower esophageal sphincter, causing burning pain in the esophagus
steatorrhea feces containing fat
hematochezia red blood in stool
Created by: Cdickinson2
 

 



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