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Final Exam

Medical Terminology Chapters 1 - 13 Final Exam

QuestionAnswer
Identify and define the prefix in the term hypertrophic. hyper - over Hypertrophic breaks down into prefix:hyper (over)
Identify and define the suffix in the term costochondritis. itis- inflammation - Costochondritis breaks down into costo (rib) + chondr (cartilage) + itis (inflammation); costo and chondr are roots; -itis is a suffix.
Identify the correct pronunciation for the underlined syllable in cyanosis. sai - C is soft (/s/) before e, i, or y.
Medical language is made up primarily (but not exclusively) of words taken from which two ancient languages? Medical language is made up primarily (but not exclusively) of words taken from Greek and Latin.
The suffixes -algia and -dynia both mean: pain. - The suffixes -algia and -dynia both mean "pain."
Translate the suffix -emia. The suffix -emia means "blood condition."
What is the meaning of the suffix -oma? Tumor
What is the meaning of the suffix -rrhexis? Rupture
When putting medical terms together, do NOT use a combining vowel: to join a root to a suffix that begins with a vowel.
Which is the proper breakdown of the word parts in the term hemarthrosis? hem/arthr/osis - hem (blood) + arthr (joint) + osis (condition)
Which is the proper translation of gastritis? Inflammation of the stomach - gastr/o (stomach) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of the stomach
Which of these correctly represents a medical term built with the following root and suffix: vas/o + spasm? Vasospasm - Use a combining vowel to join a root to any suffix that begins with a consonant: vasospasm.
Which term means "instrument for looking into a joint"? (arthr/o = joint) arthroscope - arthr/o (joint) + scope(instrument for looking) = arthroscope
What is the meaning of the following prefixes brady- and -tachy? Brady- means "slow"; tachy means "fast."
What is the meaning of the following prefixes hyper- and hypo-? Hyper- means "over"; hypo means "under."
A discharge summary will often have information regarding the recommended f/u, or ________________ for the patient. follow up - The abbreviation for follow-up is f/u.
A patient has unremarkable symptoms. Unremarkable is a medical term used to mean: Unremarkable is another way of saying normal.
What is transverse? A horizontal plane passing through the standing body so that the transverse plane is parallel to the floor.
What is coronal? A coronal plane through the body is a vertical plane from head to foot and parallel to the shoulders.
What is sagittal? A vertical plane passing through the standing body from front to back. The mid-sagital, or median, plane splits the body into left and right halves.
What is a review of systems? A review of the systems is a description of individual body systems in order to discover any symptoms not directly related to the main problem.
PERRLA means: PEERLA means pupils are equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation.
Interpret the following abbreviations: "The Pt is 5 y/o." Pt is the abbreviation for "patient"; y/o is the abbreviation for "years old." The patient is 5 years old.
When a medical professional gives a diagnosis, he is indicating: When a medical professional gives a diagnosis, he is indicating: what he thinks the patient has.
Which part of the SOAP method most accurately describes the following excerpt from a patient’s clinic note? T: 99.0; HR: 60; RR: 20; BP: 112/70. General: Pleasant, responsive. No acute distress. HEENT: PERRLA. Mucous membranes moist and pink. Objective; This information is part of the patient’s physical exam, which is the objective part of the SOAP method.
What do the following abbreviations mean: PO and NPO? PO means "by mouth"; NPO means "nothing by mouth."
If a patient is prone, he is: If a patient is prone, he is: lying down on his belly.
If a patient’s infection is classified as idopathic, it: If a patient’s infection is classified as idopathic, it: has no specific cause.
Prophylaxis refers to: Prophylaxis is preventative treatment.
The elbow is ___________ to the wrist. Proximal; The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
Which of these is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term ichthyosis? ichthy (scaly) + osis (condition) = a condition of the skin that is dry and scaly
Which of these is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term percutaneous? per (through) + cutane (skin) + ous (pertaining to) = pertaining to through the skin
Which of the following roots means fat? Adip/o, lip/o, and steat/o all mean “fat."
Which of the following roots means thick? pachy/o 
Which medical term means skin inflammation? Dermatitis breaks into dermat (skin) + itis (inflammation) = skin inflammation.
Which medical term means abnormal softening of the nail? Onychomalacia breaks into onycho (nail) + malacia (abnormal softening) = abnormal softening of the nail.
What is the correct pronunciation for the term alopecia? a-loh-PEE-sha 
The medical term for a freckle is: macule, macula
The roots onych/o and ungu/o both mean: nail
Translate the root rhytid/o. Wrinkle
Translate the root xer/o. Dry
Indicate which syllable receives the emphasis when pronouncing the term lipectomy. 2nd syllable: pek 
Allograft and homograft are synonyms or antonyms? Choose one. Synonyms. Allograft and homograft both mean a skin transplant taken from another member of the patient’s species.
ID is an abbreviation for: intradermal = intra(inside) + derm (skin) + al (pertaining to) = pertaining to inside the skin.
Build a medical term that means "discharge from the ear." Otorrhea - Otorrhea breaks into oto (ear) + rrhea (excessive discharge) = discharge from the ear.
Build a medical term that means "eye paralysis." Ophthalmoplegia - Ophthalmoplegia breaks into ophthalmo (eye) + plegia (paralysis) = eye paralysis.
Build a medical term that means "inflammation of the conjunctiva." Conjunctivitis - Conjunctivitis breaks into conjunctiv (conjunctiva) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of the conjunctiva.
The root lacrim/o or the formation of tears, is known as: Lacrimation is the formation of tears, or crying. -
Translate the medical term myringomycosis as literally as possible. Fungal condition of the ear drum - Myringomycosis breaks into myringo (ear drum) + myc (fungus) + osis (condition) = fungal condition of the ear drum.
Translate the medical term ophthalmopathy as literally as possible. Eye disease - Ophthalmopathy breaks into opthalmo (eye) + pathy (disease) = eye disease.
Translate the root cycl/o. Ciliary body, the circle of tissue surrounding the lens 
What is the root used in the abbreviations OD, OS, and OU?  oculus - eye - OD stands for oculus dexter (right eye); OS stands for oculus sinister (left eye); and OU stands for oculus uterque(both eyes). The root is oculus (eye).
Which abbreviation would be used to refer to an abrupt ear infection? AOM (Acute otitis media) - AOM would be used to refer to an abrupt ear infection
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term dacryocystitis?   dacryo (tear) + cyst (sac) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of the tear sac 
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term presbyopia? presby (old age) + opia (vision condition) = decreased vision caused by old age 
Which is the correct breakdown of the medical term otorhinolaryngologist into its component parts?  oto/rhino/laryngo/logist - Otorhinolaryngologist breaks into oto (ear) + rhino (nose) + laryngo (throat) + logist (specialist) = ear, nose, throat specialist.
Identify the correct pronunciation of the medical term otoscope. OH-toh-skohp - Otoscope is pronounced "OH-toh-skohp." The "o" at the beginning of the root ot/o is long (/oh/).
Which of the following abbreviations pertains to the eye? VA stands for "visual acuity."
Which root refers to the part of the skull behind the ear? mastoid/o  - The mastoid process (root mastoid/o) refers to the part of the skull behind the ear.
What is the correct abbreviation for a fracture? The correct abbreviation for fracture is Fx
Which of the following roots refers to arrangement, order, coordination? Tax/o refers to arrangement, order, coordination.
Which syllable receives the emphasis in the medical term arthrogram? Arthrogram is pronounced AR-throh-gram. The emphasis is on the third syllable from the end.
Which medical term means rib pain? Costalgia breaks into cost (rib) + algia (pain) = rib pain.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term chondroplasty? Chondroplasty breaks into chondro (cartilage) + plasty (reconstruction) = reconstruction of cartilage.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term myasthenia? Myasthenia breaks into my (muscle) + asthenia (weakness) = muscle weakness.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term osteoporosis? Osteoporosis breaks into osteo (bone) + por (pore) + osis (condition) = bone pore condition (loss of bone density).
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term polymyositis? Polymyositis breaks into poly (many) + myos (muscle) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of many muscles.
Identify the correct pronunciation for the term costochondritis. The correct pronunciation for the term costochondritis is KAW-stoh-kawn-DRAI-tis. The "c" says /k/ after a, o, and u; "ch" is pronounced /k/.
Choose the correct translation for the root ankyl/o. Ankl/o means "stiff, bent."
Build a medical term that means "incision into fascia." Fasciotomy breaks into fascio (fascia) + tomy (incision) = incision into fascia.
Build a medical term that means "puncture of a joint." Arthrocentesis breaks into arthro (joint) + centesis (puncture) = puncture of a joint.
Build a medical term that means "tendon inflammation." Tendonitis breaks into tendon (tendon) + itis (inflammation) = tendon inflammation.
A drug that relieves pain is called a(n): A drug that relieves pain is called an analgesic.
Translate the medical term hyperkinesia as literally as possible. Hyperkinesia breaks into hyper (over) + kinesthia (movement) = over movement.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term dysphasia? Dysphasia breaks into dys (bad) + phas (speech) + ia (condition) = bad speech condition (difficulty speaking).
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term ganglioma? Ganglioma breaks into gangli (nerve bundle) + oma (tumor) = tumor of the ganglion (nerve bundles).
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term polyneuritis? Polyneuritis breaks into poly (many) + neur (nerve) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of multiple nerves.
Which root refers to the entire membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord? Mening/o, meningi/o refers to the meninges which is the entire membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Which root refers to the spinal cord or bone marrow? Myel/o refers to the spinal cord or bone marrow.
Which syllable receives the emphasis in the term neurasthenia? Neurasthenia is pronounced nir-as-THEN-ee-ah.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term anesthetic? Anesthetic breaks into an (not) + esthestic (feeling, sensation) = a drug that causes loss of sensation.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term apathy? Apathy breaks into a (not) + path (suffering, disease) + y (condition) = without feeling or emotion.
Translate the medical term cerebral thrombosis as literally as possible. Cerebral thrombosis breaks into cerebr (brain) + al (pertaining to) + thomb (clot) + osis (condition) = blockage of a blood vessel in the brain caused by a blood clot.
Identify and define the root in the term hypnotic. Hypnotic breaks into ROOT: hypno (sleep) + SUFFIX: tic (pertaining to).
Build a medical term that means "large head condition." Macrocephaly breaks into macro (large) + cephal (head) + y (condition) = abnormally large head.
A patient experiencing an abnormal sensation, usually numbness or tingling in the skin, is experiencing: A patient experiencing an abnormal sensation, usually numbness or tingling in the skin, is experiencing paresthesia.
A loss or decline in mental function is called: Dementia is a loss or decline in mental function.
Identify the correct pronunciation for the term meningocele. Meningocele is pronounced "meh-NIN-goh-seel." The g is hard (/g/) before a, o, or u. The c is soft (/s/) before e, i, or y. Mening/o (membrane surrounding the spine and ) + cele (hernia)
Translate the root esthesi/o. Esthesi/o is the root meaning "feeling, sensation."
Medical language is necessary and useful because: medical professionals can communicate clearly and quickly with each other using a common language, and patients can be comforted and assured that the medical professional understands their symptoms and is in control of the diagnosis and treatment process.
A(n) ______ is a word formed by including the name of the person who discovered or invented what is being described. eponym
Thinking of medical language as sentences to be translated instead of words to be memorized allows one to: break down and understand new words.
What is the correct the correct pronunciation for the underlined syllable in cardiovascular. kar
What is the correct pronunciation for the underlined syllable inpharynx? fair
Which combining form would be used in medical terms pertaining to blood? hemat/o
Is -ic a suffix that is used to mean "small"? Yes or No No
What does the term "pre-op" before surgery
What does the abbreviation TID mean in which a prescription should be taken? Three times daily
What does the abbreviation QHS mean in which a prescription should be taken? At the hour of sleep
The S in SOAP stands for subjective
The O in SOAP stands for objective
The A in SOAP stands for assessment
The P in SOAP stands for plan
A SOAP note is a way of thinking and a pattern/standard used in writing medical notes
What is a differential diagnosis? a list of possible causes of the patient’s problem or complaint
What is a diagnosis? the identification of the actual problem
What is the meaning of this root pair pil/o, trich/o? hair
Define the roots in the term pachyderma. pachy (thick) + derma (skin
What does the term onychopathy translate to? Nail disease - onych/o (nail) + pathy (disease)
What does Onychotomy mean? incision into a nail
ABCDE is a mnemonic device for remembering steps in analysis and means: asymmetry, border, color, diameter, evolving.
Which of the following roots is NOT used to refer to the eye? ocul/o, ophthalm/o, opia, opt/o opia
Which root refers to the clear membrane that covers the sclera and lines the eyelids? conjunctiv/o
The root myring/o means.. Eardrum
Build a medical term that means "eye paralysis." Ophthalmoplegia - ophthalm/o (eye) + plegia (paralysis)
Define myopia nearsightedness
Define blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid
What does Sensorineural hearing loss mean? Hearing loss caused by sound not being transmitted from the inner ear to the brain
What is the translation for the root tars/o.? ankle
What is the translation for the root lumb/o. Loin, lower back
What is the translation for the root femor/o? femur
What is the translation for the root fasci/o? fibrous connective tissue that binds muscles together
What is the translation for the root burs/o? small fluid-filled sac found near the body’s joints
What is the translation for the root ankyl/o? bent, crooked, stiff, fused, fixed, closed
What is the translation of the medical term cervicodynia? Neck pain - cervico (neck) + dynia (pain)
What medical term means rib pain? Costalgia = Cost/o (rib) + algia (pain)
What medical term means involuntary contraction of the muscle? Myospasm = my/o (muscle) + spasm (involuntary contraction)
Define the medical term osteosclerosis. abnormal hardening of bone = osteo (bone) + scler (hardening) + osis (condition)
Build a medical term that means "puncture of a joint." Arthrocentesis = arthr/o (joint) + centesis (to puncture)
Breakdown and translate the medical term polydactyly? poly (many) + dactyl (finger) + y (condition) = having more than the normal number of fingers
Translate the root/suffix asthenia. weakeness
What roots refers to the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord? mening/o, meningi/o
What root refers to the nerve bundle? gangli/o
Which root refers to the spinal cord or bone marrow? myel/o
The meaning of cephalodynia head pain - Cephalodynia breaks into cephalo (head) + dynia (pain) = head pain.
Define Craniostenosis abnormal narrowing of the skull - Craniostenosis breaks into cranio (skull) + sten (narrow) + osis (condition) = abnormal narrowing of the skull.
Build a medical term that means "excessive bleeding inside the brain." Intracerebral hemorrhage - Intracerebral hemorrhage breaks into intra (inside) + cerebr (brain) + al (pertaining to) + hemo (blood) + rrhage (excessive bleeding) = excessive bleeding inside the brain.
Define Craniectomy removal of a piece of the skull - Craniectomy breaks into crani (skull) + ectomy (removal) = removal of a piece of the skull.
A patient experiencing an abnormal sensation, usually numbness or tingling in the skin, is experiencing: paresthesia
What is the term for an excessive desire to steal called? An excessive desire to steal is called kleptomania.
A metabolic disease characterized by excessive urination and hyperglycemia is known as: Diabetes mellitus.
Choose the correct translation for the root cortic/o. cortic/o means "outer surface."
Choose the correct translation for the roots adren/o, adrenal/o. The roots adren/o, adrenal/o mean "adrenal gland."
Identify the correct pronunciation of the term glycolysis. The correct pronunciation of the term glycolysis is "glai-KAW-lih-sis."
The abbreviations BS and FBS both have to do with: The abbreviations BS (blood sugar) and FBS (fasting blood sugar) both have to do with blood sugar.
Translate the medical term adenopathy as literally as possible. Adenopathy breaks into adeno (gland) + pathy (disease) = gland disease.
Translate the medical term hypoglycemic as literally as possible. Hypoglycemic breaks into hypo (under) + glyc (sugar) + em (blood) + ic (pertaining to) = pertaining to low blood sugar.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term acromegaly? Acromegaly breaks into acro (extremities) + megaly (abnormally large) = abnormal enlargement of the extremities.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term endocrine? Endocrine breaks into endo (inside) + crine (secretion) = to secrete internally (i.e., into the bloodstream).
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term pancreatolithiasis? Pancreatolithiasis breaks into pancreato (pancreas) + lith (stone) + iasis (presence) = presence of a stone in the pancreas.
Which medical term means "calcium in the urine"? Calciuria breaks into calci (calcium) + uria (urine condition) = calcium in the urine.
Which medical term means "removal of the thymus"? Thymectomy breaks into thym (thymus) + ec (out) + tomy (cut) = removal of the thymus.
Which of the following roots means "sugar"? Gluc/o, glucos/o, and glyc/o mean "sugar."
Which of the following roots refer to sex organs? Gonad/o refers to the gonads, which are sex organs.
Which of the following statements is true regarding the abbreviation TFT? TFT stands for thyroid function test, is a test performed to evaluate the function of the thyroid, and is a part of the treatment and therapies that assist in getting a patient euthyroid (a normal functioning thyroid).
An instrument used to measure blood pressure is called a(n): A sphygmomanometer is an instrument used to measure blood pressure.
A specialist in drawing blood is called a: A specialist in drawing blood is called a phlebotomist.
A process in which a certain type of white blood cells destroys (or "eats") foreign microorganisms or cell debris is called: Phagocytosis is a process in which a certain type of white blood cells [phagocytes = phago (eat) + cyte (cell)] destroys (or "eats") foreign microorganisms or cell debris.
Build a medical term that means "blood tumor" and refers to a mass of blood within an organ, cavity, or tissue. Hematoma breaks into hema (blood) + oma (tumor) = mass of blood within an organ, cavity, or tissue.
Build a medical term that means "inflammation of a tonsil." Tonsillitis breaks into tonsill (tonsil) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of a tonsil.
Build a medical term that means "spleen pain." Splenalgia breaks into splen (spleen) + algia (pain) = spleen pain.
Choose the correct translation of the suffix -penia. -Penia means "deficiency."
Identify the correct pronunciation of the medical term lymphangitis. Lymphangitis is pronounced "LIM-fan-JAI-tis."
Translate the term hemorrhage. Hemorrhage breaks into hemo (blood) + rrhage (excessive flow) = excessive blood loss.
Translate the term hepatosplenomegaly as literally as possible. Hepatosplenomegaly breaks into hepato (liver) + spleno (spleen) + megaly (enlargement) = enlargement of the spleen and liver.
What is the correct definition for the abbreviation BMT? BMT stands for "bone marrow transplant."
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term leukocytosis? Leukocytosis breaks into leuko (white) + cyt (cell) + osis (condition) = "white cell condition": abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells
Which root is used to refer to a vein? Ven/o means "vein."
Which term comes from the Greek "to pour out," and refers to a large bruise? Ecchymosis comes from the Greek "to pour out," and refers to a large bruise.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term hematopoiesis? hemato (blood) + poiesis (formation) = formation of blood cells
Identify and define the root in the medical term arteriosclerosis.  ROOT: arterio (artery) + SUFFIX: scler (hardening) + SUFFIX: osis (condition).
Identify the correct definition for diaphoresis. Diaphoresis means "profuse sweating."
Translate the medical term aneurysmectomy. aneurysm (aneurysm) + ec (out) + tomy (cut) = surgical removal of an aneurysm (a bulge in a blood vessel)
Translate the medical term phlebotomy as literally as possible. the technical term for drawing blood - phlebo (vein) + tom (incision) + y (procedure) = incision into a vein
What does the abbreviation HTN stand for? Hypertension.
What root refers to vessels? Angi/o, cas/o, vascul/o, and arteri/o.  Angi/o, cas/o, vascul/o specifically refer to vessels. The root arteri/o. Is an anterary also a type of blood vessel.
Which medical term means "inflammation of the blood vessels"? vascul (vessel) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of the blood vessels.
Which medical term means "the surgical reconstruction of a vessel"?  angio (vessel) + plasty (reconstruction) = surgical reconstruction of a vessel.
The term venogram is pronounced: Venogram is pronounced "VEE-noh-gram."
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term angiography? angio (vessel) + graph (writing) + y (procedure) = procedure to describe the blood vessels.
The force exerted by blood on the wall of blood vessels is: The force exerted by blood on the wall of blood vessels is blood pressure (BP), which consists of both diastolic pressure, pressure exerted on blood vessels when the heart is relaxed, and systolic pressure, pressure exerted on blood vessels when the heart
Which term describes a hardening of an artery due to build-up of fatty plaque? An atherosclerosis [athero (fatty plaque) + scler (hard) + osis (condition)] is a hardening of an artery due to build-up of fatty plaque.
Which statement is true about the root sept/o?  It stands for "septum," comes from a Latin word meaning "partition or dividing structure," and can refer to any wall dividing two cavities. 
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term pericardiocentesis? peri (around) + cardio (heart) + centesis (puncture) = puncture of the tissue around the heart 
Which root literally means "crown," and refers to the way the blood vessels that supply the heart descend and support the heart like a crown? Coron/o literally means "crown," and refers to the way the blood vessels that supply the heart descend and support the heart like a crown.
Build a medical term that means "blood in the chest." hemo (blood) + thorax (chest) = blood in the chest.
Build a medical term that means "slow breathing." Bradypnea = brady (slow) + pnea (breathing) = slow breathing.
Identify the correct translation for the root capn/o. The root capn/o means "carbon dioxide."
Identify the correct translation for the root phren/o. The root phren/o means "diaphragm."
Identify the correct translation for the root or/o. The root or/o means "mouth."
OSA involves: OSA (obstructive sleep apnea) involves a condition where the patient ceases to breathe while asleep.
Translate the term rhinitis as literally as possible. Nasal inflammation. Rhinitis breaks into rhin (nose) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of the nasal passages.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the term empyema? em (in) + py (pus) + ema (condition) = pus inside the chest
What is the term used to describe hoarseness and literally means "bad voice condition"? Dysphonia describes hoarseness and literally means “bad voice condition.” dys (bad) + phon (voice) + ia (condition)
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the term rhinorrhagia? rhino (nose) + rrhagia (excessive bleeding) = excessive bleeding from the nose (another term for nosebleed).
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the term tracheostomy? tracheo (trachea/windpipe) + stomy (creation of an opening) = creation of an opening in the trachea (windpipe).
Which root refers to the main branches from the trachea into each lung? bronch/o means "bronchus," the main branches from the trachea into each lung.
Which is the correct translation and definition for the abbreviation CT? Computed Tomography - an imaging procedure using a computer to cut.
Which of the following root is NOT used to refer to the chest? A. thorac/o B. cost/o C. pector/o,  D. steth/o E. pectus B. Cost/o Cost/o means rib.
Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding the root alveol/o? It is a term that describes the lung.  It refers to the alveolus, which means "air sac.” The body has two main types: pulmonary and dental.  It comes from the Latin wor It is a term that describes the lung. Alvel/o refers to the alveoli. Alveoli is a are part of the lower respiratory system.
Identify the correct pronunciation for the medical term cholecystogram. KOH-lay-SIS-toh-gram or chohl-SIS-toh-gram Cholecystogram is pronounced “KOH-lay-SIS-toh-gram."
Identify and define the root in the term gingivectomy. Gingiv - Gums ROOT: gingivo (gums) + SUFFIX: ec (out) + SUFFIX: tomy (cut) = surgical removal of gum tissue.
Translate the medical term abdominocentesis as literally as possible. Abdomen puncture - abdomino (abdomen) + centesis (puncture) = puncture of the abdomen (usually for the purpose of withdrawing fluid).
Translate the root enter/o. Enter/o means "intestines."
Translate the root stomat/o. Stomat/o means "mouth."
Translate the meaning of the abbreviation N&V. NV means Nausea and vomiting 
What medical term refers to an abnormal opening between the rectum and the exterior perianal skin? Anal fistula refers to an abnormal opening between the rectum and the exterior perianal skin.
Which of the following statements is true about the abbreviation NPO? NPO stands for nihil per os and means "nothing by mouth."
Which medical term means "surgical fixation of the liver"? Hepatopexy breaks into hepato (liver) + pexy (fixation) = surgical fixation of the liver.
Which medical term means "pain in the intestines"? Enterodynia breaks into entero (intestine) + dynia (pain) = pain in the intestines.
The left hypochondriac region of the abdomen is in which quadrant of the abdomen? The left hypochondriac region (left upper side portion of the abdomen) is found in the LUQ (left upper quadrant) of the abdomen.
Define abbreviation GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
Define abbreviation LFT liver function test
Define abbreviation GI gastrointestinal
Define abbreviation PUD peptic ulcer disease
Translate the root vesic/o. Bladder
Identify and define the root in the medical term heminephrectomy. nephr– kidney 
Identify and define the root in the medical term uremia. ur-urine 
Why does a urologist deal with both urinary tract problems and male genital problems? The male reproductive system shares structures with the urinary system.
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the root prostat/o? A. It is an organ that surrounds the urethra.  B. It breaks into pro (before) + state (stand).  C. All of these are true D. It got its name because of its position in front of the C. All of these are true
Is balan/o  a root used to refer to the testicle? True or False False. balan/o means glans penis/acorn
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term cystoplegia? cysto (bladder) + plegia (paralysis) = bladder paralysis 
Which medical term means "involuntary urination"? Enuresis
Which medical term describes a persistent and painful erection? Priapism
Translate the medical term spermatogenesis as literally as possible. Sperm creation 
Which is the correct breakdown of the medical term ureteropyelonephritis into its component parts? uretero/pyelo/nephr/itis 
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term vesicocele? vesico (bladder) + cele (hernia)= hernia of the bladder
Build a medical term that means "renal pelvis disease." Pyelopathy
Translate the medical term vesicotomy.  Incision into the bladder 
Build a medical term that means "surgical removal a kidney and ureter.” Nephroureterectomy
Which root is used for the external genital organs of a female? vulv/o - Vulv/o stands for vulva, the external genital organs of a female
Which root refers to the innermost membrane covering the fetus? amni/o - Amni/o stands for amnion, the innermost membrane covering the fetus.
Which root means "give birth" and focuses on the mother? part/o - The root part/o means "give birth" and focuses on the mother.
Translate the root episi/o. Vulva
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term amniorrhea?   amni/o (amnion) + rrhea (discharge) = discharge of amniotic fluid
Which term is also known as colpitis? vaginitis
Which term is characterized by pain during sexual intercourse? dyspareunia
The study and treatment of newborns is called: neonatology
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term oligohydramnios?   oligo (few) +hydr (water) + amnios (amnion) = not enough amniotic fluid
Which term refers to a disorder in which the placenta separates form the uterine wall before the birth of the fetus? abruptio placentae 
Translate the medical term antepartum as literally as possible.  Before birth 
Which medical term means "inflammation of the perimetrium (tissue on the outside of the uterus; the outer layer of the uterus)"? Perimetritis
Braxton Hicks are the first true labor pains. True or False False
An ectopic pregnancy is a potentially dangerous condition where the fertilized egg is implanted and begins to grow outside the uterus. True or False True
TSS is a sexually transmitted disease. False. TSS stands for toxic shock syndrome.
What is the correct pronunciation of the medical term venogram? VEE-noh-gram
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term aortectasia? aort (aorta) + ectasia (dilation) = dilation of the aorta
The superior vena cava is: a large-diameter vein that gathers blood from the upper portion of the body and returns it to the heart.
Which medical term means "an incision into the heart muscle”? Cardiomyotomy
Which term means "the voice box”? laryng/o
Identify the correct translation for the root pneumat/o. Air or lungs
Identify the correct translation for the root phren/o. Diaphragm
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the term pleurodynia? pleuro (pleura) + dynia (pain) = pain in the pleura (membrane surrounding the lungs)
Translate the root odont/o. tooth
Translate the root enter/o. Intestines
Translate the root proct/o. Anus and rectum
Identify the correct pronunciation for the medical term cholecystogram. KOH-lay-SIS-toh-gram - record of the bile (gall) bladder
Which medical term means "incision into the common bile duct”? Choledochotomy
Define adenocarcinoma A malignant cancerous tumor of a gland
Define cholelithotripsy Procedure that crushes bile gall stones - chole (bile) + litho (stone) + trips(rub) + y (procedure)
Define cystorrhexis rupture of the bladder = cysto (bladder) + rrhexis (rupture)
Define cystoptosis downward displacement of the bladder = cysto (bladder) + ptosis (drooping condition)
Define lymphadenitis inflammation of the lymph gland (node) = lymph (lymph) + aden (gland) + itis (inflammation)
Define hematuria bloody urination = hemat (blood) + ur (urine) + ia (condition)
Define cholecystogram record of the bile (gall) bladder = chole (bile) + cysto (bladder) + gram (record)
Define thoracentesis puncture of the chest = thora (chest) + centesis (puncture)
Define laryngectomy removal of the larynx = laryng (larynx) + ectomy (removal)
Define pneumothorax air in the chest = pneumo (air) + thorax (chest)
Define cardiomyotomy incision into the heart muscle = cardio (heart) + myo (muslce) + tony (incision)
Define cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle = cardio (heart) + myo (muscle) + pathy (disease)
Define embolectomy surgical removal of an embolus = embol (embolus) + ectomy (removal)
Define erythrocyte red blood cell = erythro (red) + cyte (cell)
Define thyroidotomy incision into the thyroid = thyroido (thyroid) + tomy (incision)
What is the Greek for “to pour out”? Ecchymosis, from the Free meaning to pout out means in a large bruise in medical terms
What is the root and definition of the word venospasm? The root is veno, the meaning is vein. Involuntary contractions of a vein = veno (vein) + spasm (involuntary contraction)
What is the root of the word hypoparathyroidism? The root of the word is thyroid/o. The meaning of hypoparathyroidism is underproduction by the parathyroid = hypo (under) + para (beside) + thyroid (thyroid) + ism (condition)
Which major vessel is responsible for receiving blood from the upper body and returning it to the heart? The superior vena cava
What is the difference between the terms: arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis? arteriosclerosis means hardening of an artery = arterio (artery) + scler (hard) + osis (condition) atherosclerosis means hardening of an artery due to buildup of fatty plaque = arthero (fatty plaque) + scler (hard) + osis (condition)
What is the difference between the terms: enuresis and incontinence? enuresis means involuntary urination = en (in, inside) + ur (urine) + esis (condition) incontinence means inability to control urination = in (not) + con (together) + tinence (hold)
Define embolus the blockage of a blood vessel in the brain caused by a foreign object such as fat or bacteria
What is PKD? Polycystic Kidney Disease - A disease characterized by the formation of many fluid filled cysts in the kidneys
What is BUN? Blood Urea Nitrogen - nitrogen in the blood in the form of urea; it is the product of the breakdown of amino acids for energy
What is RP? Retrograde Pyelogram - image of the renal pelvis produced by injecting a contrast dye from the bladder into the kidney
What is SUI? Stress Urinary Incontinence - loss of bladder control caused by the application of external pressure
What is VUR? Vesicoureteral Reflux - abnormal flow of urine from the bladder back into the ureters
What is UTI? Urinary Tract Infection
What is UA? Urine Analysis
What is DRE? Digital Rectum Exam - examination of the prostate using a finer inserted into the rectum
What is HD? Hemodialysis - procedure for removing waste from the bloodstream
What is BPH? Benign Prostate Hyperplasia - noncancerous overdevelopment of the prostate, aka enlarge prostate
Define the root ureter/o thick-walled tubes about 0 inches in length that carry urine for kidneys to bladder
Define the root pyel/o renal pelvis - a funnel or series of tubes for urine flowing to the ureter. The renal pelvis funnels urine out of the kidney and into the ureter.
Define the root epididym/o organ that sits on top of each testicle; the place where sperm cells complete their final level of development and are stored
Define the root glomerul/o from Latin, for little ball; refers to little balls of blood vessels inside of the kidney that serve as the primary place for filtering the blood to form urine
Define the root gyn/o woman
Define the root colp/o vagina
Define the root episi/o external genital organs of a female
Define the root mast/o breast
Define the root spermat/o Sperm, from Greek, for seed, produced in the testicles
Define the root meat/o opening; comes from a word meaning to go through and usually refers to the opening of the urethra
Definite the root prostat/o prostate; organ in the male reproductive tract surrounding the urethra; the name prostate literally translates as the one that stands before or in front of
Define the root balan/o from Greek, acorn, alluding to the sheep of its tip
Define the root nephr/o kidney; organ responsible for filtering the blood
Define the root perine/o region between the renal organs and the anus
What is TAH? total abdominal hysterectomy; surgical removal of the uterus through an incision in the abdomen; usually includes the removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes
What is VH? vaginal hysterectomy; surgical removal of the uterus through an incision in the vagina
What is BSO? bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy - surgical removal of both to the ovaries and adjacent fallopian tubes; often performed as part of a total abdominal hysterectomy
What is SHG? sonohysterography - procedure using sound waves to examine the uterus
What is GYN? gynecology - study of medical issues specific to women
What is CS? c-section (cesarean section); delivery of a baby through an incision made in the uterus
What is Cx? cervix - opening between the uterus and the vagina
What is CPD? cephalopelvic disproportion; condition characterized by the inability of mother’s pelvis to allow the baby to pass through the birth canal
What is TVS? transvaginal sonography; imaging procedure using sound waves emitted from a device inserted in the vagina
What is G? gravida - pregnant
Created by: dgill21
 

 



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