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Chapter 5 Brittany S

Medical Terms

QuestionAnswer
cerebr/o, encephal/o both roots mean brain
cerebell/o cerebellum (section of the brain that is located below the cerebrum)
lob/o means lobe.
cephal/o means head
crani/oi means head or skull
mening/o, meningi/o means meninges
root dur/o means dura.
neur/o means nerve
gangli/o means nerve bundle
myel/o means spinal cord, or bone marrow.
esthesi/o means feeling or sensation
phas/o means speech.
phren/o, psych/o means mind.
somn/o, means sleep
somn/i means sleep
hypn/o means sleep
gnosi/o means knowledge
mania means excessive desire.
phobia means excessive fear.
neuroglycopenia low blood sugar that interferes with normal brain activity
nystagmus involuntary back and forth eye movements
afferent nerve sensory nerve; goes from periphery to central nervous system
efferent nerve motor nerve; goes from the central nervous system to the periphery
anesthesiologist doctor who specialized in anesthesiology (study of blocking the sensation of pain)
psychiatrist medical doctor who specializes in the treatment of the mind (psychiatry)
psychologist doctor who specializes in the study of the mind (psychology)
neurogenic originating from nerves
psychosomatic pertaining to relationship of the body and the mind
CNS central nervous system
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
PNS peripheral nervous system
MS multiple sclerosis
TIA transient ischemic attack
EEG electroencephalogram
EMG electromyogram
ICP intracranial pressure
LOC level of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
PET positron emission tomography
SRS stereotactic radiosurgery
ADHD attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
OCD obsessive compulsive disorder
ALS amytrophic lateral sclerosis
CP cerebral palsy
CVA cerebrovascular accident
HD Huntington's disease
endartectomy surgical procedure to remove a build-up of fatty deposits (plaque), which cause narrowing of the carotid artery
causalgia severe burning pain in a limb caused by injury to a peripheral nerve
interictal occurring between seizures (as of epilepsy)
potictal the altered state of consciousness after an epileptic seizure
preictal before the seizure
dyslexia learning disability in reading
syncope fainting or passing out due to a fall in blood pressure
anosmia loss of sense of smell, either total or partial
catatonia abnormality of movement and behavior arising from a disturbed mental state (typically schizophrenia)
dementia loss of memory, language, problem-solving and other thinking abilities that are severe enough to interfere with daily life
delirium serious disturbance in mental abilities that results in confused thinking and reduced awareness of surroundings
 

 



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