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Mohammed/ chapter 4


Epiphysis ends of bones
Diaphysis middle of bone; also called shaft
Metaphysis neck; connects the diaphysis with the epiphysis
Skeleton framework for your body
Axial cente
Appendicular arms and legs
oste/o bone.
- osteopathy – disease of the bone
periosteum – tissue that covers the outside of the bone
crani/o head, skull.
- craniometer – measures the size of the skull
craniomalacia – softening of the skull
cervic/o neck.
- cervical spine – the area of the spine at the neck region; there are seven cervical vertebrae
cervicitis – inflammation of the neck
spondyl/o vertebra.
- spondylitis inflammation of the vertebra
lumb/o loin, lower back
lumbar pertaining to the lower back
- lumbodynia pain in the lower back
brachi/o arm.
brachiocephalic pertaining to the arm and head
brachialgia pain in the arm
dactyl/o finger.
adactyly without a finger
- dactylagia pain in the finger
carp/o wrist.
- carpectomy – removal of wrist bone(s)
metacarpal – beyond the carpals, which are the bones of the hand
cost/ rib.
costectomy removal of a rib
intercostal – pertaining to between the rib(s)
femor/o femur
femoral artery – large artery found in the thigh that provides arterial blood to the thigh region
tibi/o tibia (shinbone).
tibialgia pain in the tibia (shinbone)
tars/ ankle.
- tarsitis – inflammation of the ankle
tarsalgia pain in the ankle
chondr/o cartilage
- chondritis inflammation of the cartilage
chondromalacia – softening of the cartilage
arthr/o joint
- arthritis inflammation of the joint (does not mean painful joint)
arthroscopic surgery insertion of a small camera and tools to view and correct problems of the joint
burs/o bursa
bursitis – inflammation of the bursa
bursectomy – removal of the bursa
ten/o, tend/o, and tendin/o tendon.
- tenodynia – pain in the tendon
tendolysis – breakdown of the tendon
tendinitis inflammation of the tendon
muscul/o, my/o, and myos/o muscle
musculoskeletal system organ system made up of the muscles and bones
myopathy – disease of the muscle
myositis – inflammation of the muscle
fasci/o fascia (fibrous connective tissue binding muscles together).
fasciotomy – incision into the fascia
asciitis – inflammation of the fascia
kinesi/o the root word for movement.
ton/o is the root word for tone or pressure.
tax/o is the root word for arrangement, order, and/or coordination.
paresis is a suffix that means partial paralysis
plegia is a suffix that means complete paralysis
ton/o means tone, tension.
dystonia – abnormal tone
- tonograph device that measures tension
kinesi/o means movement.
- kinesiology – study of movement
hyperkinesia – excessive movement
kinetic energy – energy of motion
tax/o means order, arrangement, coordination
ataxia absence of movement
hypotaxia reduced movement
genu varum – bow-legged
- genu valgrum – knock-kneed
scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
lordosis abnormal forward curvature of the lower spine
kyphosisi abnormal forward curvature of the upper spine
transverse fracture transverse break of bone shaft.
oblique fracture
spiral fracture
angulated fracture
displaced fracture breakage in which the fragments are separated and and are not in alignment.
angulated & displaced
closed reduction returning bones to proper position without surgery
open reduction returning bones to proper position with surgery
external fixation fixation (keeping still) of a bone from the outside of the body (cast, splint)
internal fixation fixation (keeping still) of a bone from the inside of the body (plates, screws)
orthotics straighten or help to strengthen or stabilize a part of the body
prosthesis replaces a missing part
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
MCL median collateral ligament
LCL lateral collateral ligament
EMG electromyogram
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
MD muscular dystrophy
OA osteoarthritis
RA rheumatoid arthritis
FROM full range of motion
ROM range of motion
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
PT physical therapy
RICE rest, ice, compression, elevation
THR total hip replacement
TKR total knee replacement
WB weight bearing
WBAT weight bearing as tolerated
FX fracture
subluxation incomplete or partial dislocation of bone in a joint
rheumatoid arthritis a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and deformity of the joint.
septic arthritis a cute inflammation of synovial membrane s with purulent effusion into a joint, due to bacterial infection.
crepitus the grating of joint, often in association with osteoarthritis.
effusion accumulation of fluid in various spaces like knee space due to injury.
Created by: NuhaMohammed2
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