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Circulatory System

102.7

TermDefinition
Angular Artery Branch of external maxillary artery; supplies blood to sides of nose
Anterior Auricular Artery Branch of superficial temporal artery; supplies blood to anterior part of the ear
Anterior Tibial Artery Supplies blood to just below the knee passes down between the tibia and fibula to branch off into smaller arteries into the skin and muscles in the lower leg
Artery Tubular elastic thick-walled branching vessel. Carries pure blood from the heart through the body
Blood Sticky salty fluid that circulates through the body bringing nourishment and oxygen to all parts and carrying toxins and waste products to the liver and kidneys to be eliminated
Capillary Small vessels that take nutrients and oxygen from the arteries to the cells and take waste products from the cells to the veins
Cardiovascular System (Blood vascular system) Responsible for the circulation of blood includes the heart arteries veins and capillaries
Common Carotid Artery Supplies blood to the head face and neck
Dorsalis Pedis Artery Supplies blood to upper surface of the foot
Erythrocytes Also known as red blood cells
External Carotid Artery Branch of common carotid arteries; splits into smaller arteries; supplies blood to skin and muscles of the head
External Jugular Vein Returns all blood from the head, face and neck to the heart
Femoral Vein Transports blood to the heart and lungs for oxygenation
Frontal Artery Branch f superficial temporal artery; supplies blood to the forehead
Heart A cone shaped muscular organ located in the chest cavity is normally about the size of a closed fist
Hemoglobin Attracts oxygen molecules through a process known as oxygenation
Inferior Labial Artery Branch of external maxillary artery supplies blood to lower lip
Internal Carotid Artery Branch of common carotid artery supplies blood to brain eyes and forehead
Internal Jugular Vein Vein that returns all blood from the head, face and neck to the heart.
Leukocytes White blood cells, fight bacteria & other foreign substances. Increase I number when infection invades the body
Lymph Colorless liquid produced as a byproduct in the process of plasma passing nourishment to capillaries and cells that travels through lymph vessels which help maintain blood volume and pressure
Lymph-Vascular System (lymphatic system) Responsible for the circulation of lymph, includes lymph nodes gland like structures and lymphatic vessels
Middle Temporal Artery Branch of superficial temporal artery; supplies blood to temples
Occipital Artery Branch of the external carotid artery; supplies blood to back of the head, up to the crown
Oxygenation To combine with oxygen
Parietal Artery Branch of superficial temporal artery; supplies blood to crown and sides of the head
Pericardium Contracts and relaxes to force blood to move through the circulatory system
Plasma The fluid part of the blood in which red and white blood cells and blood platelets are suspended to be carried throughout the body by this liquid's flow
Popliteal Artery Supplies blood to knee joint and muscles in the thigh and calf
Posterior Auricular Artery Branch of the external carotid artery; supplies blood to scalp, above and behind the ears
Posterior Tibial Artery Supplies blood beneath calf muscle to the skin muscles and other tissues of the lower leg
Pulmonary Circulation When blood travels through the pulmonary artery to the lungs where it is oxygenated
Radial Artery Supplies blood to thumb side of the arm and hand
Red blood cell These cells carry oxygen and contain a protein called hemoglobin
Saphenous Vein Transports blood from veins in the foot to the femoral artery
Submental Artery Branch of external maxillary artery supplies blood to chin and lower lip
Superficial Temporal Artery Branch of external carotid; branches into smaller arteries; supplies blood to sides and top of the head
Superior Labial Artery Branch of external maxillary artery supplies blood to upper lip and septum
Supraorbital Artery Branch of the internal carotid artery; supplies blood to parts of the forehead and eyes
Systemic Circulation The process of blood traveling from the heart throughout the body and back to the heart
Thrombocytes Blood platelets, Responsible for the clotting of blood
Transverse Artery Branch of superficial temporal artery supplies blood to the masseter muscle
Ulnar Artery Supplies blood to little finger side of the forearm and smaller arteries in the hand
Vagus Nerve 10th cranial nerve helps regulate heartbeat
Varicose Vein bulges that form in vain stretch and lose their elasticity
Vein Tubular elastic thin walled branching vessel that carries in pure blood from the capillaries to the heart
 

 



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