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A&P Ch7 Skeletal

Axial Skeletal System

How many bones does the appendicular skeleton have? 126 bones
How many bones does the axial skeleton have? 80 bones
These bones form the inferior lateral aspects of the cranium, part of the cranial floor, articulate with the mandible and have large ridges inside the cranium to house the organs of hearing and balance. Temporal
Which cranial bone articulates with every other cranial bone? Sphenoid
This cranial bone is anterior to the sphenoid and posterior to the nasal bones and it contains the foramina for fibers of the olfactory cranial nerve. Ethmoid
What is the name of the outer ring of fibrocartilage in an intervertebral disc? Annulus fibrosus
Of the following, which is the largest individual vertebra? L4
Where is the base of the sacrum? The broad superior surface
When do the coccygeal vertebrae usually fuse? Between 20 and 30 years of age
Which pair(s) of ribs are classified as floating ribs? The 11th and 12th pairs
An abnormal lateral bend in the vertebral column is called: Scoliosis
How many bones are found in the adult human skeleton? 206
Which type of bone is the femur? Long bone
Which type of bone is the occipital? Flat bone
This is a bone located within ankles or wrists: Short bone
The patella, or kneecap, is this type of bone: Sesamoid bone
A large, round protuberance at the end of a bone is a: Condyle
A smooth, flat articular surface on a bone is a: Facet
These projections on either side of the foramen magnum articulate with depressions on the first cervical vertebrae. Occipital condyles
What is the purpose of the nucleus pulposus in an intervertebral disc? To absorb vertical shock
The function of vertebral processes on a vertebra include Attachment site for muscles
What are the only 2 named bones in the vertebral column? C1 atlas and C2 axis
What bone feature of the axis articulates with the atlas? Odontoid process
The inferior, and smallest part, of the sternum is called the: Xiphoid process
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