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A&P Ch1 Organization

Human Body

A structure in the body that provides input to the control center of a feedback system is: A receptor
A transverse plane will cut a body or organ into: Superior and inferior
Directional term that would make the sentence correct: The heart is in what direction to the liver. Superior or Proximal
Directional term that would make the sentence correct: The sternum is in what direction to the heart. Anterior
The basic structural and functional units of the human body are: Cells
The process whereby unspecialized cells become specialized is called: Select one: Differentiation
The scientific field that studies the structure of the body and physical relationships among its parts is: Anatomy
This directional term is the opposite of deep. Superficial
This directional term means farthest from the midline (in the sagittal plane). Lateral
This plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections. Frontal
This tissue covers the viscera within the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities and lines the walls of the thorax and abdomen. Serous membrane
What is found in the left lower quadrant of the abdominopelvic cavity? Which of the following is found in the left lower quadrant of the abdominopelvic cavity?
Which of the following is found in the left upper quadrant of the abdominopelvic cavity? Stomach
Which of the following is found in the right upper quadrant of the abdominopelvic cavity? Gall Bladder
What organs are found in the abdominal cavity? Urinary bladder
A condition NOT regulated by a negative feedback loop would be: Childbirth
A group of cells within the body with similar structure and function is called a Tissue
High blood pressure is detected by receptors that send impulses to the brain, which then sends impulses to the heart to slow heart rate, causing blood pressure to decrease. This is an example of: Negative feedback and homeostasis
In homeostatic imbalance, a change in body function that can be observed and measured is called a Sign
In which cavity is each lung located? Pleural cavity
The 2 systems that primarily regulate homeostasis throughout the body are: Nervous system and endocrine
The body fluid that most of the cells of the body are bathed in is: Select one: Interstitial fluid
The body's ability to detect and react to changes inside the body or in the external environment is a life process called: Responsiveness
The correct directional term for describing the position of the wrist relative to the elbow is: Distal
The function of the secretions of the serous membrane is to: Reduce friction between organs
The regulation of body conditions within normal limits is called: Homeostasis
The scientific field that studies how the body and its parts function is called: Physiology
The sum of all cellular processes that occur in the body is called: Metabolism
The system that helps to regulate homeostasis by the release of hormones is th Endocrine system
This cavity is inferior to the abdominal cavity. Pelvic cavity
This is the structure of a feedback system that receives output from the control center. Effector
This plane divides the body into equal right and left halves. Midsagittal
This vertical plane divides the body or an organ into right and left sides. Sagittal
Which of the following organ systems consists of skin, sweat glands, hair, nails, and other associated structures? Integumentary
Which of the following organ systems eliminates wastes in urine? Urinary
Which of the following organ systems produce chemical regulators of body functions, called hormones? Endocrine
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