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Pediatrics t, pre, s

Pediatrics-Toddlers, Preschooler, and School Age Child

QuestionAnswer
average weight gain for a toddler 4-6 pounds/year
average height gain for a toddler 3 inches/year
the formula to calculate toddlers height for when they become an adult 2X height at age 2
physiologic control of the bladder occurs for a toddler when 18-24 months
What does successful toilet training depend on for a toddler physiologic control, readiness by toddler, and the parents
amount of sleep for a toddler 10-14 hours/day
how many deciduous teeth does a toddler have by the age of 3 14-16 teeth
what is the order of gross motor skills for a toddler walks & runs well-jumps with both feet-stands on one foot-walks on tiptoe-climbs stairs alternating footing.
what is the order of fine motor skills for a toddler release small objects at will-throws & retrieves objects-throws a ball over hand-kicks a ball without losing balance.
remember- HEIGHT AND WEIGHT ARE CONSISTANT BUT SLOWER THAN INFANCY. (toddler) .
remember- THE PINCER GRASP IS AN INFANT SKILL AND SHOULD ALREADY BE PRESENT. (toddler) .
what do transitional objects do for a toddler give security and help deal with stress
what are examples of transitional objects for a toddler blanket, stuffed animal, and pacifier, etc...
define separation anxiety for a toddler fear of abandonment
define body integrity fears for a toddler fear of unknown about their body
when a toddler shows assertion of control and independence, and is a part of normal development, what is the term for this temper tantrum
when a toddler shows assertion of control and independence, and they like being able to make choices, what is the term for this negativism
when a toddler is given a sense of security and trust that things will happen the same way all the time what is this called ritualism
signals significant stress level, retreat to an earlier development stage this is defined as what for a toddler regression
do any new skills develope during regression time? Why? no because of the amount of stress the child is experiencing
what percentage of the brain for toddler is developed by the age of 2 75%
is depth perception for a toddler completed no continues but not finished
during toddler period what happens to the immune system increased exposure so colds and infections increase
remember- TODDLER SLEEP HOURS MAY BE WITH OR WITHOUT NAPS .
what is the task of a toddler locomotion
age range of a toddler 1-3 years
remember- TODDLER PERIOD THEY LEARN TO DO FOR THEMSELVES .
why is stress more intense for a toddler they feel it can not express it so they act out
biggest fear for a toddler dying/death and abandoment issues
average weight gain for preschooler 4 1/2 - 6 1/2 pounds/year
average height gain for preschooler 2-3 inches/year
remember- LEGS GROW FASTER THAN THE TRUNK IN A PRESCHOOLER .
how does the body change for preschooler fat storing mechanisms change and body streamlines, becomes less chubby as fat is replaced by muscle
what is the percentage of brain growth for a preschooler 90% complete
remember- HEAD GROWTH FOR A PRESCHOOLER SLOWS DOWN .
what is the average sleep time for a preschooler 12 hours/day
how many teeth do preschoolers have all and some start to fall out
preschooler begin to develope a conscience "right vs. wrong" what is the most common thing they like to do tell on people
most common fears of preschooler unfamiliar enviroment or people - separation and abandonment
reason a toddler acts out limited vocabulary
what is the toddlers speaking capacity 40-60 words
what is the toddlers understanding capacity in the hundreds
remember- SHOULD NOT LIE OR JOKE WITH A TODDLER/PRESCHOOLER .
average height gain in school age child 2 inches/year
average weight gain in school age child 4 1/2 - 6 1/2 pounds/year
why is obesity more likely to happen to the school age child because of the prepubertal growth spurt
define obesity weigh 20% more than the recomended weight for your height
remember- at the beginning of the growth period boys are bigger than girls but by the end of the period girls are bigger than boys .
for the school age girl when does prepubertal growth spurt happen 10 years old
for the school age boy when does prepubertal growth spurt happen 12 years old
for the school age child is the reproductive system and musculoskeletal fully developed at the end of the growth spurt period no- bones are still growing and the reproductive oragans are not mature
define prepubescence period of time between middle childhood and adolescence during which a growth spurt and development of secondary sex characteristics occurs.
major psychosocial task during prepubescence period is developing a sense of industry which is what 3 things feeling like you are confident-competent-can accompish things
what are the secondary sex characteristics for the school age girl breast-pubic hair-body shape changes
what are the secondary sex characteristics for the school age boy body,facial,and pubic hair-body odor-body shape changes-penis and scrotum enlarge-voice changes
note- GIRLS ARE USUALLY ABOUT 2 YEARS AHEAD OF BOYS .
at what age does a girl reach puberty 12 years old
at what age does a boy reach puberty 14 years old
for the school age child what are the symptoms of stress stomach ache-headache-sleep problems-bedwetting-change in eating habits-aggressive or stubborn behavior-reluctance to participate
for the school age child what are their common fears being hurt-kidnapped-failing-letting people down-bullies-loss of loved ones-poor performance
for the school age child what are their common health problems enuresis(bedwetting)-ADHD-STD-pediculosis (lice)-anorexia/bulimia-acne-obesity-depression-accidents-poor nutrition-poor self image-alcohol & drug abuse
what is enuresis bedwetting
define ADHD disorder involving hyperactivity and difficulty focusing
what is STD sexualy transmitted disease
what is pediculosis lice
define anorexia/bulimia eating disorders caused by emotional disturbances,causes malnutrition
Created by: spawmary