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Ch.8 Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece, Ch.8, BJU Heritage Studies

500 BC The Beginning of the Classical Age
Democracy Government by the people; Government of Athens
Oligarchy Government by a Few; Government of Sparta
Minoans First civilization in Ancient Greece; Lived on the island of Crete; Known for beauty/wealth, trading; the Philistines could have been one of their colonies.
Mycenaens Second known civilization of Ancient Greece; Lived on the Peloponnesus; known for building strong fortifications; began the Trojan War
Monarchy Ruled by a king
Tyrants Rulers with absolute authority
Acropolis A hill overlooking Athens; known for being the center of religious life
Philosophy Love of wisdom; focused on many virtues that the Bible does such as truth, love, and discipline
Socrates Greek philosopher that asked his students thought-provoking questions.
Plato Greek philosopher that believed in a spiritual world beyond the physical world.
Aristotle Greek philosopher that created the Scientific Method; taught Alexander the Great
Olympics Athletic events in which only male citizens could participate; tradition to honor the Gods; took place in the city of Olympus
Sparta City-state that emphasized military strength; men were taught to steal and fight from an early age
Mt. Olympus The highest mountain in Greece; believed to be the home of the gods/goddesses
Columns Greeks perfected these architectural structures to hold up buildings
Masks Greek actors used these to show their emotions during dramas
Language The spread of Greek culture brought a common _________________ to the Western world, preparing the way for the gospel message.
Delian League League formed with Athens and other city states; city-states contributed money, troops, and supplies; Athens grew more powerful and wealthier; led to the Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian League League formed with Sparta and other city states in response to the growing power of the Delian League.
Aesop Greek slave who wrote many fables
Muses Nine goddesses who presided over the arts
Eucid Wrote the first geometry book
Fable Story designed to teach a lesson
Hippocrates Father of Medicine
Myth Story about gods and goddesses
Homer Wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
Abacus Special instrument used to teach math