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World History

Chris 11th World History Chapter 15

Militant combative
Huguenot French Protestants influenced by John Calvin
Henry of Navarre a member of the Bourbon dynasty, became Henry IV King of France
William the Silent prince of Orange (Netherlands), offered resistance against Spain
Armada fleet of warships
King Philip II Spanish, “Most Catholic King,” militant Catholic, wanted to consolidate all Spanish lands, bankrupted Spain
Elizabeth Tudor English queen (Elizabeth I), Protestant leader, laid foundation for English empire
Inflation rising prices
Witchcraft magic in traditional European village culture
James I 1st Stuart king, believed in divine right of kings,
Divine right of kings kings receive their power from God and are only responsible to God
Puritans Protestants in England inspired by Calvinist ideas
Charles I son of James I, believed in divine right of kings, accepted petition limiting his power to tax then changed his mind
Cavaliers Royalists, supporters of the king, losers in the English civil war
Roundheads supporters of parliament, winners in the English civil war
Oliver Cromwell military genius who helped Roundheads win using his New Model Army
Commonwealth a republic
James II brother of Charles II, devout Catholic ascension to throne caused conflict b/w king and Parliament
Absolutism: system in which a ruler holds total power
Louis XIV best example of absolutism; through Louis French politics and culture dominated Europe
Cardinal Richelieu chief minister in France under Louis XIV, strengthened monarchy
Frederick Williiam the Great Elector: laid foundation for Prussian state, built large a efficient standing army
Ivan IV Russian, first ruler to use title ‘czar’, became known as Ivan the Terrible because he was so ruthless and crushed the power of the nobility
Czar Russian world for Caesar
Boyars Russian nobility
Michael Romanov chosen as czar in 1613 by national assembly; Romanov dynasty lasted until 1917
Peter the Great became czar in 1689; wanted to westernize Russia
Mannerism brought Renaissance to an end; broke down principles of balance, harmony, and moderation
baroque replaced Mannerism; characterized by complex forms, bold ornamentation, and contrasting elements
natural rights rights with which all humans are supposedly born, including rights to life, liberty, and property
El Greco rights with which all humans are supposedly born, including rights to life, liberty, and property
Gian Lorenzo Bernini Italian architect and sculptor; completed St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome
William Shakespeare Italian architect and sculptor; completed St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome
Lope de Vega Spanish writer who wrote to please audiences not fame
Miguel de Cervantes Spanish author who wrote Don Quixote
Thomas Hobbes author of Leviathan; believed in the social contract theory (people saved themselves by agreeing to form a state)
John Locke author of Two Treatises of Government; argued against the absolute rule of one person; believed people established govt to ensure the protection of their rights.
Created by: asimien907



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