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Endocrine syste

endocrine system

Hormone produced by Thyroid Gland Thyroxine (T4) and Triioodothyronine (T3)
Function of T4 and T3 hormones Maintain normal level of metabolism in all body cells
Hormone produced by Parathyroid Gland parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Function of the parathyroid hormone mobilized calcium from bones into the bloodstream
Hormone produced by the Adrenal Gland Steroids and Corticosteroids from adrenal cortex AND catecholamines from adrenal medulla
Hormone produced by the Pancrea insulin and glucagon
Function of Pancreas' hormones regulate blood glucose
Hormone produced by Pituitary gland Growth hormone (GH Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) Gonadotropic hormones Prolactin (PRL) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) Oxytocin (OT)
Hormone produced by the Ovaries estrogen and progesterone
Function of estrogen stimulate development of egg and female sex characteristics
Function of progesterone responsible for the preparation and maintenance of the uterus in pregnancy
Hormone produced by Testes testosterone
Function of testosterone stimulates development of sperm and secondary sex characteristics in the male
aden/o gland
adren/o, adrenal/o adrenal gland
gonad/o sex glands
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland
andr/o male
calc/o , claci/o calcium
cortic/o cortex
crin/o secrete
dips/o thirst
estr/o female
gluc/o , glyc/o sugar
home/o sameness
hormon/o hormone
kal/i potassium
lact/o milk
myx/o mucus
natr/o sodium
phys/o growing
somat/o body
ster/o solid structure
toc/o childbirth
toxic/o poison
ur/o urine
-agon assemble, gather together
-emia blood condition
-in, -ine a substance
-tropin stimulating the function of
-uria urine condition
eu- good, normal
hyper- excessive;above
hypo- deficient; below
oxy- rapid, sharp, acid
pan- all
tetra- four
tri- three
Overactivity of the thyroid gland hyperthyroidism
Underactivity of the thyroid gland hypothyroidism
Group of symptoms produced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex cushing syndrome
Hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex addison disease
Lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar diabetes mellitus
Diabetes onset in childhood, involving destruction of the beta islet of the pancreas and requires frequent injections of insulin Type 1
Diabetes that occurs in older people, obesity is very common Type 2
Excessive secretion of antidiuretic hormone syndrome of inappropriate ADH
Insufficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone diabetes insipidus (DI)
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
DM diabetes mellitus
FBS fasting blood sugar
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
SIADH syndrome of inappropriate ADH
Created by: 571696951