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Phlebotomy Ch 1 2020

Acute Care Health care delivered in a hospital setting that is associated with a stay of usually 30 days.
Aliquot A portion of a blood sample that has been removed/separated from thw primary specimen tube.
Ambulatory Care Health care servicea that are delivered in an outpatient, or non-hospital, setting. It implies that the patients are able to ambulate, or walk, to the clinic to receive their services.
American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science (ASCLS) Professional organization for laboratory personnel that provides continuing education and conference activities.
American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) Professional organization that certifies many types of laboratory personnel based on their passing a certification examination. ASCP offers clinical and research conferences, many types of continuing education activities, and ongoing certification program
Anatomic pathology
Major area of the laboratory services whereby autopsies are performed and cytology procedures and surgical biopsy tissues are analyzed
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)
Federal agency that oversees financing and regulation of thw health care industry. CMS is responsible for Medicare, Medicaid, HIPPA, and CLIA. This includes oversight of clinical laboratories.
Clinical Decisions Decisions made by physicians based on medical standards of practice, diagnostic testing (e.g., laboratory test and x-rays), a patient's history, and observation of signs andbl symptoms.
Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA 1988) Federal guidelines that regulate all clinical laboratories across the United States. Regulations apply to any site that test human specimens, including small POLs, or screening tests done at the patients bedside
Clinical Pathology Major area of the laboratory services where blood and other types of body fluids and tissuse are analyzed.
Competency Statement Performance expectations that include, entry-level skills, task and roles performed by the designated healthcare worker
Continuing Education (CE)
Education programs often required/recommend by certifying or licensing agencies to update health care workers or help them maintain competency in practice.
Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) A theoretical framework and management strategy to improve health care structures, processes, outcomes, and customer satisfaction. It is ongoing and involves all levels of the administrative structure of an organization
Examination (analytical phase) Refers to the phase in laboratory testing whereby the specimen is actually assessed or evaluated, and results are confirmed and reported.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Federal agency responsible for safety, clinical efficacy, and medical efficacy of the country's food and drug supply. This includes equipment and supplies used in blood collection.
Home health care Provision of healthcare services in a patient's home undet the direction of a physician.
Inpatients Hospitalized patients
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) A non-governmental network of standards Institutes from 155 countries that develop standards for manufacturing and service industries.
Long-term care
National Phlebotomy Association (NPA)
Nosocomial infections
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Physician's office laboratories (POLs)
Point-of-care (POC)
Postexamination (postanalytical phase)
Preexamination (postanalytical phase)
Quality control (QC)
Quality improvement
Six Sigma
Standards of practice
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