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Chap. 8 Quiz 2 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
capitalism people, corporations, and states produce goods and exchange them with the goal of achieving profit
commodification when something is given monetary value
core higher levels of education, higher salaries, and more technology; generate more wealth than periphery processes in world economy
periphery lower levels of education, lower salaries, and less technology; generate less wealth than core processes in world economy
semi-periphery places where core and periphery processes are both occurring; places that are exploited by the core, but in turn exploit the periphery
ability in the context of political power, the capacity of a state to influence other states or achieve its goals through diplomatic, economic, and militaristic means
centripetal forces that tend to unify a country
centrifugal forces that tend to divide a country
unitary a nation-state that has a centralized government and administration that exercises power equally over all parts of the state
federal a political territorial system wherein a central government represents the various entities within a nation-state
devolution regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government
territorial representation each representative is elected from a territoriality defined district
reapportionment representative districts are switched according to population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people
splitting the process by which the majority and minority populations are spread evenly across each of the districts
majority-minority districts an electoral district, in which the majority of the constituents in the district are nonwhite or racial or ethnic minorities
gerrymandering manipulate the boundaries of (an electoral constituency) so as to favor one party or class.
boundary vertical plane between states that cuts through the rocks below, and the airspace above the surface
Created by: a.bby
 

 



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