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Phlebotomy

Glossary terminology

TermDefinition
Accessioning: Assigning a unique number for patient information.
Albumin: The most abundant protein in plasma
Anastomosis ; the point of union of two hollow or tubular structures; I.e., the connection of veins.
Anemia: Condition in which the normal amount of red blood cells is reduced.
Angiology: The science of blood vessels and lymphatics.
Antecubital Fossa: The bend of the arm adjacent to the elbow; the area most frequently used for venipunctures.
Antibody: A protein produced by the body that reacts specifically with a foreign substance in the body (antigen). Antibodies are produced by Plasma cells in lymphoid tissue.
Anticoagulant: Serving to prevent the coagulation of blood (Additive)
Antigen: Any protein not normally present in the body and when introduced into the body, Stimulates the production of an antibody.
Aorta: Largest artery of the body.
Apathy: lack of emotion; without feelings; insensitive.
Arterioles: A minute arterial branch that leads to a capillary.
Artery: a vessel through which blood passes away from the heart to the tissue.
Atrium: A chamber of the heart.
Basilic Vein: Large vein on the inner side of the upper arm.
Buffy Coat: Than layer between the plasma and red blood cells in a volume of drawn blood that mostly contains white cells.
Capillary: Smallest blood vessel that connects arteries and veins.
Carotid: Major Artery in the neck leading to the brain.
Central Venous Pressure (CVP): The pressure within the superior vena cava; it reflects the pressure under which the blood is return to the right atrium.
Centrifuge: A device which spins test tubes at high speed causing the heavy particles in the liquid to settle at the bottom and the lighter liquid to the top.
Cephalic Vein: Large vein on the outermost side of the upper arm.
Myelosuppression: : Inhibiting bone marrow activity, resulting in the decreased production of blood cells and platelets. Note: The patients (most commonly Oncology) require careful monitoring of prolonged bleeding following venipuncture.
Myocardial Infarction: Blockage of muscular tissue of the heart (Heart Attack).
Neonatal: Pertaining to the first 6 weeks of birth.
Nosocomial: Hospital acquired infections.
Palpate: To examine by touch, i.e., to feel for a vein and be able to judge depth, diameter, patency, direction.
Pancreas: An endocrine gland that produces insulin.
Patency: The state of being freely open; i.e., a vein is patent if it still has elasticity and has no blockage either from scarring or bruising.
Pathology: The scientific study of the nature of diseases.
Peripheral Blood: Blood obtained from the outer surface of the body (extremity).
Phlebo: Prefix meaning vein.
Phlebology: The study of veins and their diseases.
Plasma: The clear, yellow fluid portion of blood in which cells are suspended.
Platelets: : (Thrombocytes) Cellular components in the blood that aid in its coagulation.
Prandial pertaining to the meal: Post is after the meal.
Pulmonary Artery: An artery in which blood travels directly from the heart to the lungs.
Pulmonary Veins: four vein which return oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.
Radial Artery: The artery located in the wrist.
Renal: Pertaining to the kidney(s).
Sclerosed: Hardened and/or thickened, as in the wall of a damaged vein.
Serum: Clear watery fluid which separates from blood when it clots.
Shunt: An artificially created passage to change to flow of fluids; to divert flow from one main route to another.
Spleen: Organ situated in the left upper part of the abdomen which manufacture, store and destroys blood cells.
Superior Vena Cava: The principle vein draining the upper portion of the body.
Syncope: Fainting.
Synovial Fluid: Fluid from the joints.
Thrombocytes: Platelets.
Thrombosis: Formation of a clot within a blood vessel.
Transfixion: The act of piercing through an object with a pointed weapon. (Transfixion of a vein).
Urinalysis: The examination and analysis of urine.
Vascular: Pertaining to blood vessels.
Vein: Blood vessels carrying blood to the heart, except for the pulmonary vein, which carry oxygenated blood.
Venipuncture: The act of puncturing a vein to obtain a blood sample.
Venous Blood: Blood obtained from a vein; oxygen-depleted blood which is darker than arterial blood.
Venous Return: The amount of blood returning to the atrial of the heart.
Ventricle: A small cavity, such as one of the lower chambers of the heart.
Whole Blood: Blood containing all components. Also referred to as macro method technique
Created by: SherryLawton