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A&PI Ch. 23 & 24

Skeletal and Muscular Systems

QuestionAnswer
sphincter valve like structure
skeletal muscle muscle that produces body movement
smooth muscle muscle that contracts involuntarily
cardiac muscle self-exciting muscle
fascia connective tissue that separates muscles
tendon connects muscles to bones
ligament connects bone to bone
temporalis the muscle that closes the jaw
trapezius the muscle that moves the shoulder
sternocleidomastoid the muscle that moves the head
gastrocnemius the muscle that flexes the foot
external oblique the muscle that moves the abdominal wall
gluteus maximus the muscle that moves the hip and thigh
deltoid the muscle that abducts the arm
vastus lateralis the muscle that extends the lower leg
epiphyseal disk plate of cartilage at the end of the bone necessary for the bone to grow
fontaneles tough membranes that connect incompletely developed bones of the skull
frontal bone bone of the anterior skull
Occipital lobe foramen magnum's location
temporal bone on the sides of the skull near the ears
clavicle collar bone
scapulae shoulder blade
radius thumb side of lower arm
ulna forms the elbow of the lower arm
carpals wrist bones
matacarpals hand bones
phalanges fingers/toes
femur thighbone
calcaneus heel bone
metatarsals bones of feet
arthritis joint inflammation
gout avoid meat, beer, and wine
kyphosis humpback
scoliosis S curvature of the spine
Ewing Sarcoma treated with chemotherapy
Created by: jrmayo