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AP Geo

vocab cards

QuestionAnswer
Agglomeration a jumbled collection or mass
Barriadas Squatter settlements or shantytowns that surround Lima and other urban centers
Bid-rent theory a graph of the variations in land rents payable by different users with distance from some point in the market
Blockbusting Blockbusting was a practice used by real estate agents and developers in the United States to encourage white property owners to sell their homes
CBD the downtown section of a city, generally consisting of retail, office, hotel, entertainment, and governmental land uses with some high density housing
Census tract A census tract, census area, or census district is a geographic region defined for the purpose of taking a census
Centrality the property of being central
Centralization the act of consolidating power under a central control
Central-place theory a geographical theory that seeks to explain the number, size and location of human settlements in an urban system
Christaller, Walter a German geographer whose principal contribution to the discipline is Central Place Theory
biorevolution the rapid transformation, or evolution, into post-humanism.
biotechnology the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
collective farm A farm operated and worked by a group cooperatively
intensive commercial aggriculture the emphasis is on the greatest possible output for sale per hectare of land
extensive comercial aggriculture produce for sale the greatest quantity of crop or food per man
periphery as one region or state expands in economic prosperity, it must engulf regions nearby to ensure ongoing economic and political success
crop rotation the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons for various benefits such as to avoid the build up of pathogens and pests that often occurs when one species is continuously cropped
cultivation regions the regions in which large amounts of agriculture take place
dairying the business of conducting dairy
dept-for-nature swap financial transactions in which a portion of a developing nation's foreign debt is forgiven in exchange for local investments in conservation measures
diffusion the spread of ideas, disease, and technology among places
double cropping the practice of consecutively producing two crops of either like or unlike commodities on the same land within the same year.
primary economic activity using natural resources
secondary economic activity changing natural resources into new products
tertiary economic activity services provided for others in exchange for money or product
quarternary economic activity Economic activity involving the collection, processing, and distribution of information
quinary economic activity new & old ideas & information & innovation of ways of changing data
environmental domestication is the use of pesticides, soil erosion, desertification
pesticides a chemical preparation for destroying plant, fungal, or animal pests
soil erosion the washing away of soil by the flow of water
desertificaion the processes by which an area becomes a desert
extensive subsistance aggriculture consists of any agricultural economy in which the crops and/or animals are used nearly exclusively for local or family consumption on large areas of land and minimal labor input per acre
shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned. Many use the slash&burn element of their farming
pastoralism The branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock
extractive industry Industries involved in the activities of prospecting, exploring, developing, and producing for non-regenerative natural resources from the Earth
farm crisis The mass production of farm products that lowers the prices, which lowers the profits for farmers.This had led to the decrease in small farms
farming The raising of crops to obtain for primary consumption or to sell for profit
feedlot place where cattle are put to be fattened up to raise their price on the market. very dense so the cows don't lose weight by moving.
fist aggricultural revolution happened about 10,000-12,000 years ago and brought domestication of animals, rise of trade and currency, rise of classes, permanent settlements, disease, famine, Expansion, and labor specialization.
fishing catching,raising,or breeding fish for food or commercial use
food chain a community of organisms where each member is eaten in turn by another member
forestry the art and science of managing forests and related natural resources
gobalized aggriculture consumer driven agriculture integrated on an international scale
green revolution an increase in food production, esp. in underdeveloped and developing nations, through the introduction of high-yield crop varieties and application of modern agricultural techniques.
growing season the season during which a crop grows best
hunting and gathering hunting and gathering food and/or animals for food
intensive subsisance aggriculure the cultivation of small parcels of land through the expenditure of great amounts of labor per acre.
intertillage tillage between rows of crop plants
livestock ranching The commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area.
market gardening Growing or farming items depending on the distance from the nearest market
mediterrainean aggriculture Crops that are grown for human consumption rather than for animals.
mineral fuels formed by natural resources such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms
mining the act, process, or industry of extracting ores, coal, etc., from mines
planned economy an economic system in which the government or workers' councils manages the economy
plant domestication when people cultivate or "care for" crops for agriculture
plantation aggriculture Usually farming in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale, usally to a more developed country.
renewable able to be renewed
nonrenewable unable to be renewed
dispersed rural settlement dispersed agricultural settlementd
nucleated rural settlement nucleated agricultural settlements
building material material used for constructing buildings
village form type of village
sauer, carl o. an American geographer who proposed that cultural landscapes are made up of "the superimposed on the physical landscape."
second aggricultural revolution The Agricultural Revolution occurred between 1750 and 1900 when the way in which farmers produced food in this country changed
specialization specilizing in certain agricultures
staple grains Grains that can be stored and used throughout the year
suitcase farm an American commercial farm in which no one lives, and work/harvesting is done by migratory workers.
long lots French system of land tenure found at Green Bay and Prairie du Chien, under which property was laid out in long narrow strips fronting on the shoreline of a river, rather than in blocks that fronted on streets.
metes and bounds A method used to describe real estate
township-and-range The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is a method used in the United States to survey and identify land parcels, particularly for titles and deeds
sustainable yield The sustainable yield of natural capital is the ecological yield that can be extracted without reducing the base of capital itself
third aggricultural revolution part of the three types of agricultural revolutions.
mechanization the use of machines in place of manual labour or the use of animals.
chemical farming involves different kinds of chemicals within farming.
chemical farming involves different kinds of chemicals within farming.
food manufactoring manufacturing different types of foods in factories.
tragedy of the commons an influential article written by Garrett Hardin and first published in the journal Science in 1968.
transhumance the seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
truck farm Commercial gardening and fruit farming.
von thunen was a prominent nineteenth century economist.
johann heinrich Johann Heinrich von Th√ľnen (24 June 1783 - 22 September 1850) was a prominent nineteenth century economist.
Created by: sonicreborn