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Appendix 1 Muscles

Medical Terminology Appendix 1 Musculoskeletal

TermDefinition
arthr/o joint
chondr/o cartilage
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
ligament/o ligament
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myos/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow
oste/o bone
pelv/o pelvis, hipbone
spondyl/o vertebrae
vertebr/o vertebrae
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
Carpel Tunnel Syndrome Compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
Gouty Arthritis Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid.
Muscular Dystrophy An inherited disorder characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers
Osteoporosis Decrease in bone density with thinning and weakening of bone.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Chronic inflammation of joints; pain, swelling, and stiffening, especially in the small joints of the hands and feet.
Antinuclear Antibody test Test in which a sample of plasma is tested for the presence of antibodies found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
Arthrocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from a joint
Arthrography X-ray imaging of a joint
Arthroscopy Visual examination of a joint with an arthrocope
Bone Density Test Low-energy rays are used to image bones in the spinal column, pelvis, and wrist to detect areas of bone deficiency.
Bone Scan Procedure in which a radioactive substance is injected intravenously and its uptake in bones is measured with a special scanning device
Calcium Level Measurement of the amount of calcium in a sample of blood.
Electromyography Recording of the electrical activity of muscle tissue, the test reveals the strength of muscles
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Measurement of the rate at which red blood cells fall to the bottom of a test tube
Muscle Biopsy The removal of muscle tissue for microscopic examination
Uric Acid Test Measurement of the amount of uric acid in a sample of blood
Arthroplasty Surgical repair of a joint
Laminectomy Removal of a piece of backbone to relieve pressure on nerves from a herniated disc
Microscopic Discectomy Surgical removal of a herniated intervertebral disc with an incision that is 1-2 inches long and visualization of the surgical field with an operating microscope
Vertebroplasty Surgical repair of vertebrae, special cement is injected into backbones to strengthen them and to relieve pain caused by compression fractures
ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament
ANA Antinuclear antibody
C1-C7 Cervical Vertebrae
Ca Calcium
DEXA Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry
DJD Degenerative Joint Disease
DOMS Delayed Onset Muscle Weakness
EMG Electromyography
ESR Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
IM Intramuscular
L1-L5 Lumbar vertebrae
NSAID Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drug
Ortho Orthopedics
PT Physical Therapy
ROM Range of Motion
T1-T12 Thoracic Vertebrae
Created by: amcdoulett