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Chap. 4 Vocab

TermDefinition
assimilation the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble a dominant group's behaviors, beliefs, etc.
authenticity in the context of local cultures or customs, the accuracy of how original something is in terms of its starting place or hearth
commodification the transformation of goods, services, ideas and people into commodities or objects of trade
cultural appropriation the adoption of elements of one culture by members of another culture. (can be controversial when members of a dominant culture appropriate from disadvantaged minority cultures)
cultural landscape the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
culture the way of life of a particular people, especially as shown in their behavior, habits, attitudes toward each other, and their moral and religious beliefs
custom a common way of living/doing things
distance decay the likelihood of diffusion decreases as time and distance from the hearth increases (takes a long time to spread if places are a great distance apart)
ethnic neighborhood an area within a city containing members of the same ethnic background
folk culture culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups
global-local continuum the notion that what happens at the global scale has a direct effect on what happens at the local scale, and vice versa
glocalization the practice of conducting business according to both local and global considerations
hearth the area where an idea or cultural trait originates
hierarchical diffusion the spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
local culture a group of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or a community, who share experiences, customs, and traits, and who work to preserve those traits and customs in order to claim uniqueness and to distinguish themselves from others
material culture the art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people
neolocalism ethnic groups will celebrate their heritages in locations alien to their origins (Little Sweden)
non-material culture the beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people
placelessness defined by Edward Relph as the loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next
popular culture cultural traits such as dress, diet, and music that identify and are part of today's changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies
reterritorialization when people within a place start to produce an aspect of popular culture themselves, doing so in the context of their local culture and making it their own
Created by: a.bby