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World War 1

It's about world war 1

What date did World war 1 start? 28th July 1914
What date did World war 1 end 11 november 1918
How many Australian soldiers died during WW1 60,000
WW1 Is also known as the First world war or the Great war
What do we call the day we celebrate each year to mark the end of WW1? Remembrance day
What date is Remembrance day celebrated on each year? 11th of November
Who was assassinated in 1914 that lead to the beginning of WW1? Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Where is Victoria’s main memorial site and what is it called? on the Maiden (grounds) by the bank of the Hooghly River
What date was the assassination? 28th June 1914
Who assassinated the heir to the Austro- Hungarian throne? Gavrilo Princip
How did people view war in early 1914? Newspapers
What is conscription? compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces.
What is an arms race? a competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons.
Why was Europe described as a “powder keg waiting for a spark to ignite an explosion’ in 1914?
What is nationalism? identification with one's own nation and support for its interests, especially to the exclusion or detriment of the interests of other nations
What is imperialism? a policy of extending a country's power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means.
What is an alliance? a policy of extending a country's power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means.
Why are alliances good? An alliance is an agreement made by two or more parties to secure common goals and to defend the other party in case of war
What problem might countries face when they are in an alliance with other countries that go to war?
Who was apart of the triple alliance? Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Why was the triple alliance formed? to encourage co-operation against the perceived threat of Germany.
Who was apart of the triple Entente? France, Russia, and Great Britain.
Why was the triple entente formed? Russia, feared the growth in the German Army, joined Britain and France to form the Triple Entente
In 1914 why was there so much tension in the Balkans? Which countries had the biggest problem with each other?
What does an ultimatum mean? a final demand or statement of terms, the rejection of which will result in retaliation or a breakdown in relations.
What gave Austria an excuse to declare war on Serbia? Serbia's sovereignty would be destroyed if it accepted the terms in full, but any reply other than unconditional acceptance would give Austria-Hungary its excuse for war.
On what date did Britain enter the war? Why did they enter the war? August 1914 because the king declared war after the expiration of an ultimatum to Germany.
Why did Australia enter the war? They became involved in august 1914 because Britain was preparing to declare war on Germany. ... Entering the war in 1914 via their deep connection to the British, troops from Australia and New Zealand fought mainly in the Middle East .
WW1 was fought between how many main groups of countries? 32 Countries
Who was apart of the Allies? Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States.
Who was apart of the central powers? Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.
There were two ‘fronts’ in Europe. What were they called? the western front and the eastern front
Who was germany fighting on the Western front? Luxembourg and Belgium
Who was Germany fighting on the Eastern front? Russia and Romania
Why did Germany’s plan to attack France on the western front fail in 1914?
What is a u-boat? U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "underseaboat".
What does it mean to ‘enlist’? enrol or be enrolled in the armed services.
Why did Australian soldiers enlist?
What does ANZAC stand for? Australia and New Zealand Army Corps
What places did the ANZAC’s mainly fight in? Samoa and the Cocos Islands to Gallipoli and Palestine
Where is Gallipoli? North Western Turkey
When did fighting in Gallipoli take place? April 25, 1915
Why did they attack the Gallipoli peninsula? The Gallipoli campaign was intended to force Germany's ally, Turkey, out of the war
How many Australians died at the landing of Gallipoli? 8,708 Australians and 2,721 New Zealanders were killed.
What was the date of the landing at Gallipoli? 25 April 1915
What was the name of the man who led his donkey to and from the front line and stretchered many wounded away and saving their lives? John Simpson
Was Gallipoli a success? why/whynot? Gallipoli was a clear success as it distracted the Ottomans from fighting on other fronts, impeded the Germans by drawing resources to the peninsula and ultimately led to the collapse of the Ottoman empire
What is ‘no-man's-land’? No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
What date did the ANZAC’s retreat from Gallipoli? January 9, 1916
What does a ‘stalemate’ mean? a position counting as a draw, in which a player is not in check but cannot move except into check.
Where did the main fighting in WW1 take place? The majority of the fighting took place in Europe along two fronts: the western front and the eastern front.
What was trench foot? trench foot, or immersion foot syndrome, is a serious condition that results from your feet being wet for too long
How long where the trenches across Europe? over 25,000 miles long
What pattern where the trenches designed in? They were dug in a zigzag pattern and there were many levels of trenches along the lines with paths dug so soldiers could travel between the levels
What was a toilet in a trench called? latrines
What did rations in the trenches consist of? iron rations. This was a can of bully beef, a few biscuits and a sealed tin of tea and sugar.
How heavy were soldiers kits 49kg
What was in their kits? rifles and puttees, gas mask, trench tool, field dressings and helmet
What did it mean to ‘go over the top’? it meant leaving the safety of their trenches and attacking the enemy
What was the main weapon used throughout the war? pistols and rifles, to larger weapons like machine guns.
What type of gas was used throughout WW1? chlorine, mustard gas, bromine and phosgene
Why were sandbags used in and around the trenches? For more protection
After Gallipoli most ANZAC soldiers were sent to which front?
What date was the armistice? 11 November
How do we commemorate this day each year? We have a minute silence at 11am
Who won the war? Turkey
Who was given the blame for WW1 and forced to pay millions in reparations, sign a treat at the palace of Versailles and diminish their armed forces? Germany and Austria,
What does censorship mean? the suppression or prohibition of any parts of books, films, news, etc. that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or a threat to security.
What is a pacifist? a person who believes that war and violence are unjustifiable.
What was the War precautions Act 1915? he Act gave the Governor-General, on the advice of the Australian Government, the power to make regulations for 'securing the public safety and the defence of the Commonwealth'.
What is propaganda? information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view.
As the war progressed, how did Australian’s start to feel about it?
How were children in Australia involved in the war effort? Children collected many useful things, such as blankets, books and even conkers. Some things were sent to the soldiers at the front. Others were sold to raise funds for the war effort.
What was women’s role during war time? Women worked in munitions factories. Nursing became a major role starting in the middle 19th century. Farming and other jobs to replace men in the army
If a women served in war, what was usually her role? as nurses, drove trucks, repaired airplanes, and performed clerical work
What did it mean if you were given a white feather? Giving someone a white feather was a form of social bullying. The feathers were handed or mailed to men who didn't wear uniforms
Why were people FOR conscription?
Created by: Davo