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AP human geography vocab for CHAPTER 5

a system of communication through speech, movement, sounds, or symbols that a group of people understands language
a force that tends to unify people centripetal force
a force that tends to pull people apart centrifugal force
used in education, work, mass media, and government institutional language
is in daily use by many people developing language
daily use but lacks tradition vigorous language
losing users threatened language
not being passed on to generations, dying dying language
written as well as spoken literary tradition
a collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed long before recorded history language family
collection of languages within a family related through a common ancestral language that existed thousands of years ago language branch
a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display many similarities in grammar and vocabulary language group
a language of international communication lingua franca
symbols that represent words or meaningful parts of words logograms
used by the government to enact legislation, publish documents, and conduct other public business official language
is designated by an international organization or corporation as its primary means of communication working language
simplified form of English and another lingua franca(Ex: Spanglish pidgin language
regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocab, spelling and pronunciation dialect
a subdivision of a dialect subdialect
a dialect that is well established and widely recognized as the most acceptable standard language
word using boundary in countries isogloss
refers to the ability of people speaking in two ways to readily understand each other w/o prior familiarity mutual intelligibility
- a language that results from the mixing of a colonizers language with indigenous peoples being dominated creole
language that is dying out b/c children are no speaking it and it is no longer being taught (EX: Aboriginal languages in Australia) endangered language
language that is unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family (Ex: Basque) isolated language
a language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer in use (Ex: Clallam) extinct language
Created by: kernst23
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