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Stack #310699

Ch. 10 The Roman Republic

Aeneas legendary Roman hero; the Romans traced their history back to him. He was a Trojan hero who left Troy after the Trojan War, eventually settling in Italy.
Romulus and Remus legendary figures in Roman history; they built a city that eventually became Rome.
republic a political system in which people elect leaders to govern them
dictator a ruler who has almost absolute power
Cincinnatus Roman dictator; he was chosen by the Romans to defend their lands from attack. Later, he willingly gave up power and was considered an ideal leader by the Romans
plebeians the common people in ancient Rome
patricians the nobility in Roman society
magistrates officials
consuls two most powerful magistrates in Rome
Roman Senate council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leaders
veto prohibit
Latin Roman's language
checks and balances methods to balance power
Forum Rome's public meeting place
primary main; most important
legions groups of 6,000 soldiers
Punic Wars series of wars against Carthage, a city in north Africa
Hannibal Carthaginian general; he was one of the greatest generals of the ancient world. He invaded Italy during the Second Punic War but was eventually defeated by Scipio at the Battle of Zama
purpose the reason that something is done
Gaius Marius Roman consul; he was a popular general who encouraged unemployed poor to join the Roman army
Lucius Cornelius Sulla Roman consul; he battled Gaius Marius in a civil war
Spartacus former Roman gladiator; he led a slave revolt against Rome