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Study guide for AP Human Geography chapters 1-3

Geographic Information Science (GISc) studying the development and use of geospatial concepts and techniques to examine geographic patterns and processes
Field Work The study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and observing interactions
Human Geography The spatial analysis of human population, as well as its cultures, activities, and landscapes
Globalization The expansion of economical, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in impact
Physical Geography The spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and locations of Earth's natural phenomena.
Spatial Pertaining to space on the Earth's surface
Spatial Distribution The physical location of geographic phenomenon across space.
Pattern The design of spatial distribution (e.g. scattered or connected).
Spatial Perspective Observing variations in geographic phenomenon across space.
Location Theory A logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of an economical activity and the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated.
Place Uniqueness of a location.
Sense of a place Memories or ivocations based on living in a place
Perception of a place Ideological remembrances based solely on books, movies, etc.
Landscape The overall appearance of an area.
Cultural Landscape The visible imprint of human activity and culture on a landscape (I.E. buildings)
Cartography The art and science of making and interpreting maps.
Reference Maps A map with absolute locations, based on coordinates and used to show true positions of places.
Thematic Maps A map with relative locations, based on a generalization of an area and used to show themes pertaining to specific regions.
Geocaching A hunt for a cache; the GPS coordinates placed on WWW by others.
Activity/Action Space The space within which daily activity occurs.
Remote Sensing A method of collecting data through use of instruments that are physically distant from the object of study.
Formal Region A region defined by a certain degree of homogeniety in one or more phenomena.
Functional Region A region defined by the particular set of interactions which occurs within it.
Perceptual Regions Exists only as a conceptualization and as a physically demarcated entity (ex: "The South" and "The Mid-Atlantic.")
Cultural Complex A related set of cultural traits (I.E. eating utensils)
Geography Concept Ways of seeing the world spatially that are used by geographers in answering research questions.
Isotherm Line on a map connecting points of equal temperature values.
Political Ecology An approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of, the political and socioeconomic contexts in which they are studied.
Demographic Transition The sequence of stages in population growth (I.E. stationary stage, moderate-growth stage, etc.)
Arithmetic Population Density The population density of all lands.
Physiological Population Density The population density of only arable lands.
Megalopolis Large coalescing super cities
Census A periodic and official count of a country's population.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) The number of births yearly by 1,000 people.
Crude Death Rate (CDR) The number of deaths yearly by 1,000 people.
Stationary Population Level The level at which a nation's population ceases to grow.
Population Pyramids A graph showing population composition; ranked horizontally by age groups and seperated by male (left) and female (right).
Child Mortality Rate (CMR) The mortality rate for humans aged 1 to 5 years.
Expansive Population Policy Government encourages an increase in population. Example: Sweden.
Eugenic Population Policy Government encourages the population to be restricted to a specific group. Example: Japan (encourages reproduction of Japanese people only)
Restrictive Population Policy The government discourages reproduction Example: China and it's 1-child rule.
Cuban Airlift The migration of Cubans to the U.S. in order to escape communism.
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Organizes and funds international relief efforts and negotiates with government and regimes on behalf of refugees. Other tracking organization believe that UNHCR is downplaying crises.
Characteristics of Refugees 1) Move without any more tangible property than they can carry with them, 2) Most refugees make their first "step" on foot, or by bicycle, wagon, or open boat, and 3) refugees move without official documents.
Gravity Model A mathematical prediction of the interaction of places, with the interaction being a function of population size of the perspective places and the distances between them.
Step Migration Migration that is done in stages. Example: Farm -> Village -> Town -> City.
Created by: KayleyFC
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