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Common Assessment 2

Review for Common Assessment

TermDefinition
India Alexander the Great extended his empire as far east as
oligarchy form of government in the Greek city-state where power was in the hands of a small, wealthy elite that came from the middle-class
Republic In his _______, Plato describes an ideal state ruled by a philosopher-king.
Pericles Under _, a large number of citizens had the right to vote directly on laws.
Athens _________ differed from Sparta in that it placed emphasis on the individual.
acropolis the location of temples dedicated to different gods and goddesses
Cleisthenes Around 507 BCE, _______ established a legislature (council of 500), creating a limited democracy, thus changing the government of Athens
Peloponnesian Athenian domination of the Greek world ended as a result of the _______ War
monarchy an early form of government in the Greek city-states in which a hereditary ruler (king) exercised central power
Mycenaeans Greek speaking people that dominated the Aegean world from about 1400 BCE to 1200 BCE and probably started the Trojan War
Patricians Members of the landholding upper class in the early Roman republic
the Carthaginians In the Punic Wars, Rome gained control of lands around the Mediterranean Sea by defeating
Aeneid The basic plot of Virgil's poem the _________________ is that a hero escapes from the city of Troy to found the city of Rome.
Diocletian emperor who divided the Roman Empire into two in order to try to restore order
the Huns Large numbers of Germanic peoples crossed into the lands of the Roman empire in the late 300's to escape
Hannibal Carthaginian general who nearly defeated the Romans in the second Punic war
aqueducts The Romans used their engineering skills to build ________ that carried water into the cities.
civil law A system of law that developed under the Roman republic and applied to citizens was called
Constantine Emperor who granted religious toleration to Christians in 313
economic Heavy taxes helped to push the middle class into poverty, which contributed to the _________ weakening of the late Roman Empire.
Created by: harmona71