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Chapter 4 Section 4

Creation of Israel

QuestionAnswer
Ottoman Empire Controlled much of Southwest Asia from 1300's until the end of WWI when they were on the losing side of WWI along with Germany, Bulgaria, and Austria-Hungary.
San Remo Agreement In 1920, this agreement partitioned the remains of the Ottoman Empire into smaller countries.
nationalism a feeling of pride in one's country; the idea that countries are most successful if the people living there share a common culture, history, or religion
Palestinian-Israeli conflict a conflict that resulted from the new boundaries established when Israel as created in 1948
refugee people who had to leave their homes as a result of war
Sunni Muslim Those Muslims who saw themselves as closely following Muhammad's example.
Shia Muslims "Supporter's of Ali" who believed that leadership should go to Muhammad's heir.
assimiliate to adopt the culture of a country in which you live
ISIS the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria - a terrorist group in the Middle East
Operation Desert Storm lasted from 1990-1991 and also called Persian Gulf Conflict; began when Iraq invaded Kuwait in order to gain its oil
al-Qaeda "the Force", a terrorist group responsible for the 911 attacks
Taliban The government of Afghanistan which was controlled by a group of Islamic extremists who enforced strict Sharia Law throughout Afghanistan; they were sympathetic to al-Qaeda and allowed them to have training camps in Afghanistan
Operation Iraqi Freedom the U.S. invasion of Iraq (2003-2011) which was a result of the view that Iraq was a threat due to WMD and the harboring of terrorist groups
What is the cause of the disagreement between Sunni and Shia Muslims? The two disagreed over who should lead Muslims after the death of Muhammad.
Where do most Shia live? Iran (90%), Iraq, and Lebanon
Who do Sunni think should be the leader of Islam? Leadership should go to whoever would be best at keeping the community together.
Who do Shia think should be the leader of Islam? Leadership should go to Muhammad's heir, or direct descendant of Muhammad.
The majority of Muslims are from which sect? Sunni
Who was in control of the Ottoman Empire after WWI? It became a British Mandate
What is Palestine? Area now known as Israel, it was originally a homeland for Muslims
Who are Palestinians? Arab Muslims living in Israel
Who are the Israelis? Jewish people who claim the area originally known as Palestine as their homeland promised to them by God
When was the official state of Israel established? May 14, 1948
What is the term for Jewish populations being spread out in Europe and the rest of the world that began in 70 A.D. ? Diaspora
Which group of people were gassed by Saddam Hussein and want their own separate country? Kurds
What is Zionism? A movement with the purpose of resettling Jews to a homeland (Zion)
Why is there conflict between Palestinians and Israelis? They both feel they are entitled to claim the land known as Palestine.
What group of people migrated to Israel in the 1930's/40's and why? Zionists (Jews) migrated to Israel in the hopes of recreating their homeland due to persecution, the Holocaust, displacement due to WWII.
What was the PLO? Palestinian Liberation Organization – a group of (Palestinians) Muslims who feel that Israeli does not have the right to exist and want the land returned to them.
Who was Saddam Hussein and what role did he play in Middle East conflicts? Saddam was the President of Iraq. He invaded Kuwait in 1990 to get their oil. UN pushed him out of Kuwait in 1991. In 2003 US declared war on Iraq as part of the War on Terror. They felt he was aiding Al-Qaeda and thought he had WMD
What was the Persian Gulf War and which countries were involved? A war resulting from Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990—Iraq wanted to take over Kuwait’s oil. A coalition of UN forces were sent in to liberate Kuwait in 1991. Iraq, Kuwait, US led coalition forces were the main participants
Why did Saddam Hussein attack Kuwait? 1. He wanted their oil. 2. He did not want to pay back the money he owed them from the Iran-Iraq war.
Why did the U.S. declare war with Afghanistan in 2001? The US wanted to capture the people responsible for 9-11 (al-Qaeda). The Taliban, the government of Afghanistan, was harboring them.
What happened on September 11, 2001 and who was the president at the time? A group of militants associated with al-Qaeda hijacked 4 US airliners and carried out suicide attacks throughout the U.S., killing over 3000 people; the president was George W Bush.
What are WMD and how did they get the US involved in Iraq? Weapons of Mass Destruction are weapons such as gas that can be used to kill thousands of people. Saddam Hussein was supposed to get rid of them following the Persian Gulf War.
Who was the Taliban and what country did they control? The government of Afghanistan which was controlled by a group of Islamic extremists who enforced strict Sharia Law throughout Afghanistan; they were sympathetic to al-Qaeda and allowed them to have training camps in Afghanistan
After the Persian Gulf War, what was the status of Kuwait? Kuwait was an ally of the U.S. and UN troops helped protect it
In what country did the Taliban operate and what terrorist were they accused of hiding? Afghanistan; al-Qaeda
Why did Saddam Hussein invade Kuwait? 1. He wanted their oil. 2. He did not want to pay back the money he owed them from the Iran-Iraq war.
What was al-Qaeda and who was their leader? A terrorist group responsible for 9-11 and the leader was Osama Bin-Laden.
As a result of the war with Iraq, Iraq owed a lot of money to what country? Kuwait
What was the War on Terror and what American president is responsible for starting the war? After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Bush administration declared a worldwide "war on terror," involving open and covert military operations, new security legislation, efforts to block the financing of terrorism, and more.
What political party did Saddam Hussein belong to? Ba'ath party
Created by: darcymcfarlane
 

 



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