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Motor_terminology

Terminology in Motor neurology

QuestionAnswer
Clonus rapid series of abnormal muscle contractions that occur in response to stretching
Dystonia abnormal muscle rigidity causing painful spasms, usually fixed postures or strange movements
Fasiculation spontaneous, irregular and usually continual contractions of a muscle that is apparently at rest
Festinating gait gait where the trunk is flexed, legs are flexed at the knees and hips but stiff while steps are short and progressively more rapid
Flaccidity muscular lack of tone, where it is lax, weak or soft
Hemiplegia paralysis or weakness on one side of the body caused by damage or disease to the motor nerve tracts on the opposite side of the brain
Paralysis complete or partial loss of controlled movement caused by the inability to contract 1 or more muscles
Paraplegia paralysis of both legs and sometimes part of the trunk as a result of nerve damage in the brain or spinal cord.
Spasticity rigidity in a group of muscles causing stiffness and restriction of movement
Tremor An involuntary, rhythmic, oscilating movement in muscles
Chorea Rapid jerky movements, usually affecting face, limbs and trunk
Created by: Sonialancaster