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ch 4&5 APHUG

Ch 4 & 5 Rubenstein Vocab

custom. the frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes a characteristic of the group of people performing the act.
folk culture. culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
habit. a repetitive act performed by a particular individual.
popular culture. culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
taboo. a restriction on behavior imposed by social customs.
material artifacts. visible objects that a group possesses and leaves behind for the future including survival activities (food, shelter, clothing) and leisure activities (arts and recreation).
relocation diffusion. the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
environmental determinism. 19th and early 20th century approach to the study of geography that argued that the physical environment caused human activities.
MDC. more developed country.
LDC. less developed country.
chador. combination head covering and veil worn by many women in islamic countries.
dowry. a gift (money, cattle, property, etc.) given to a groom's family by the bride's family in traditional cultures.
cultural imperialism. people may lose their folk culture because of the influence of material elements of popular culture from MDCs.
hearths. regions from which innovative ideas originate.
terrior. describes the effect of environmental conditions (soil, climate, water) on a specific food item.
non-material aspects of folk culture songs, dance, stories, customs, belief systems.
british received pronunciation (BRP). the dialect of english associated with upper class britons living in the london area and now considered standard in the u.k.
creole or creolized language. a language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
dialect. a regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
ebonics. dialect spoken by some african americans.
extinct language. a language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
franglais. a term used by the french for english words that have entered the french language. a combination of "francais" and "anglais" (the french words for french and english)
ideograms. the system of writing used in china and other east asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or a concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in english.
isogloss. a boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
isolated language. a language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
language. a system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
language branch. a collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago.
language group. a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
language family. a collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
lingua franca. a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
literary tradition. a language that is written as well as spoken.
official language. the language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
pidgin language. a form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
spanglish. combination of spanish and english, spoken by hispanic americans.
standard language. the form of a language used for official government business, education and mass communications.
vulgar latin. a form of latin used in daily conversation by ancient romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.
angles or anglos. word that english is derived from.
indo-european. language family that includes english and 7 other branches spoken by a large percentage of europeans, north americans, and australians.
romance or latin languages. branch of indo-european that includes french, spanish, italian, portuguese, and romanian.
sino-tibetan. language family that includes mandarin and other chinese languages.
afro-asiatic. language family that includes arabic and hebrew, and other languages spoken in north africa and southwestern asia.
austronesian. language family spoken in southeast asia.
dravidian. language family spoken in india.
altaic. language family spoken by groups between eastern turkey and china and mongolia.
niger-congo. language family spoken by 95% of people in sub-sahara africa.
japanese separate language family spoken in japan.
korean. separate language family spoken in india.
topography. the study of the shape of earth's surface and features. includes the description of said features and shapes (maps).