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Abbrevations

Chapter 1

TermDefinition
aa of each
Ab abortion
abs absent
ac before meals
ad lib as desired
admin adminster
AM or a.m. before noon
amt amount
AP apical pulse
approx approximately
appt appointment
ASA acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
ASAP as soon as possible
BA backache
b/c because
BC birth control
bid twice a day
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
BPM beats per minute
BS blood sugar
BSE breast self-examination
c with
caps capsules
cath catheter, catheterize
CC chief complaint
chemo chemotherapy
CMA (AAMA) certified medical assistant (American Association of Medical Assistant)
c/o complains of
CS cesarean section
Cx cervix
d day
/d per day
d/c discontinue
disch discharge
DNKA did not keep appointment
DOB date of birth
DRE digital rectal examination
DSD dry, sterile dressing
DTap diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine
DVA distance visual acuity
ED emergency department
EDD expected date of delivery
Fe iron
F/U follow up
Fx fracture
GYN gynecology
h or hr hour
H/A headache
HBP high blood pressure
HC head circumference
Hep B hepatitis B vaccine
H2O water
HR heart rate
HRT hormone replacement therapy
ht height
ID intradermal
IM intramuscular
IPV inactivated polio vaccine
IV intravenous
lab laboratory
lac lacteration
lat lateral
LB lower back
LBP lower back pain
LMP last menstrual period
med, meds medication, medications
min minute
MMR measles, mumps, and rubella
mod moderate
N/A not applicable
NB newborn
N/C no complaints
neg negative
NICU newborn intensive care unit
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
NS normal saline
N&V nausea and vomiting
NVA near visual acuity
OB obstetrics
occ occasionally
oint ointment
OR operating room
OT occupational therapy
OTC over the counter (nonprescription drugs)
OV office visit
P pulse
Pap Pap test
path pathology
pc after meals
peds pediatrics
PEN penicillin
per by or through
pharm pharmacy
PM or p.m. afternoon
PMS premenstrual syndrome
po or PO by mouth
pos positive
postop postoperative (after surgery)
preop preoperative (before surgery)
prep preparation
prn as needed
PT physical therapy, prothrombin time
Pt or pt patient
qh every hour
q(2,3,4)h every (2,3,4) hours
qid four times a day
QNS quantity not sufficient
QS quantity sufficient
quad quadriplegic
R respiration
reg regular
rehab rehabilitaion
RMA registered medical assistant
Rx prescription
s without
subcut subcutaneous
S/E side effects
sl slight
SOB shortness of breath
sol solution
spec specimen
STAT immediately
surg surgery
T temperature
tab, tabs tablet, tablets
temp temperature
tid three times a day
TLC total lung capacity, tender loving care
TPR temperature, pulse, and respiration
tr trace
TSE testicular self-examination
vit vitamin
VO verbal order
VS vital signs
wk week
WNL within normal limits
WO written order
w/o without
wt weight
abd abdomen
EENT eye, ear, nose, and throat
GI gastrointestinal
GU genitourinary
L or It left
LA left arm
LL left leg
LLQ lower left quadrant
LRQ lower right quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
R or rt right
RA right arm
RL right leg
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
C Celsius
cm centimeter
dL deciliter
F Fahrenheit
g gram
kg kilogram
L liter
lb pound
m meter
mcg microgram
mg milligram
mL milliliter
mm millimeter
oz ounce
pt pint
qt quart
T tablespoon
tsp teaspoon
Dx diagnosis
H/O history of
H&P history and physical
Hx history
PE or PX physical examination
Sx symptoms
Tx treatment
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
CA cancer
CAD coronary artery disease
CHF congestive heart failure
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CRC colorectal cancer
CVA cerebrovascular accident
DM diabetes mellitus
DVT deep vein thrombosis
Fe def iron deficiency
GC gonorrhea
GDM gestational diabetes mellitus
HTN hypertension
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
MI myocardial infarction
MS multiple sclerosis
OA osteoarthritis
OMitis otitis media
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RF rheumatic fever
STD (STI) sexually transmitted disease (sexually transmitted infection)
TB tuberculosis
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
CT, CAT computed axial tomography
CXR chest x-ray
ECG electrocardiogram
Echo echocardiogram
EEG electronencephalogram
FOBT fecal occult blood test
IVP intravenous pyelogram
LP lumbar puncture
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
NST nonstress test
PET positron emission tomography
PFT pulmonary function test
TRUS transrectal ultrasound
US ultrasound
ABG arterial blood gas
BG blood glucose
Bx biopsy
CBC complete blood count
C&S culture and sensitivity
diff differential
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
FBG fasting blood glucose
FBS fasting blood sugar
GCT glucose challenge test
GTT glucose tolerance test
Hct hematocrit
Hgb hemoglobin
OGTT oral glucose tolerance test
PPBS postprandial blood sugar
PSA prostate-specific antigen
PT, PT/INR prothrombin time
RBC red blood cells
RBS red blood sugar
SG specific gravity
trig triglycerides
UA urinalysis
WBC white blood count
Created by: Tangeladenise