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Medical Terminology

Identify what each term means

TermDefinition
pharyng/o Throat
nephr/o Kidney
oste/o Bone
carcin/o Cancer
encephal/o Brain
cephal/o Head
cerebr/o Cerebrum
phaso/o Speech
laryng/o Larnxy
Angio/o Blood Vessle
arthr/o Joint
cardi/o Heart
derm/o Skin
dermat/o Skin
enter/o Small Intestine
gastr/o Stomach
gen/o Generation
hem/o Blood
hemat/o Blood
hepat/o Liver
hydr/o Water
morph/o Change
muscul/o Muscle
my/o Muscle
myc/o Fungus
necr/o Death
neur/o Nerve
orth/o Straight
path/o Disease
phag/o Eat, Devour
plas/o Formation
pneumon/o Lung
pneum/o Lung
pulmon/o Lung
py/o Pus
scler/o Hardening
sten/o Narrowing
troph/o Nourish, Develope
vas/o Blood Vessel
vascul/o Blood Vessel
xen/o Forgien
xer/o Dry
bacill/i Rod Shaped
strept/o Chian
cyan/o Blue
leuk/o White
erythr/o Red
xanth/o Yellow
melan/o Black
arther/o Plaque, Fatty Substance
chondr/o Cartilage
cry/o Cold
crypt/o Hidden
cyst/o Bladder
dors/o Back
gluc/o Glucose
glyc/o Glycose
idi/o Unknown
pseud/o False
spher/o Round
shaphyl/o Grapelike- Cluster
a- Not
ab- Away
ad- Toward
an- Not
ante- Before
anti- Against
bi- Two
brady- Slow
circum- Around
con- With, Together
contra- Against
de- Down, Away From
dia- Through
dys- Bad, Difficult, Pain
e- out
ec- out
ecto- outside
en- in, inside
endo- in, inside
epi- upon
eu- good
ex- out
exo- outside
extra- outside
hemi- half
hyper- over
hypo- under
inter- between
intra- in, inside
macro- large
micro- small
mono- one
multi- many
oligo- scanty, few
pan- all
peri- around
poly- many
post- after
pre- before
pro- before, on behalf of
re- again
semi- half
sub- beneath
sym- with, together
syn- with, together
tachy- fast
trans- through
uni- one
para- around
mal- bad
homo- same
hetero- different
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-cele hernia
-centesis puncture
-desis binding
-dynia pain
-eal pertaining to
-ectomy removal
-emia blood condition
-gram written record
-graph instrument used to produce a record
-graphy the process of recording
-ia condition
-iasis presence of
-iatrics medical science
-iatrist specialist in the medicine of
-iatry medical science
-ic pertaining to
-icle small
-ism condition
-lith stone
-emesis vomiting
-uria urine
-stenosis narrowing
-stasis stop, constant
-pnea breath
-plegia paralysis
-plasia formation
-phasia speaking
-phage eat, devour
-phagia eat, devour
-phagy eat, devour
-edema swelling
-cyte cell
-cide kill, destroy
-cidal kill, destroy
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-ium tissue, structure
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
-lysis loosen, break down
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry process of measuring
-oid resembling
-ole small
-oma tumor
-osis condition
-ous pertaining to
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty reconstruction
-ptosis drooping
-rrhage excessive flow
-rrhagia excessive flow
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis ruputure
-scope instrument used to look
-scopy process of looking
-spasm involuntary contraction
-stomy creation of an opening
-tic pertaining to
-tomy incision
-ula small
-y condition, process
Created by: brh2016