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Middle East Vocab

Vocabulary 7th grade SS unit 1 SW Asia

antisemitism hatred of Jews simply because they practice the Jewish faith
apartheid the legal separation of the races
Arab a member of a Semitic people inhabiting Arabia and other countries of the Middle East
Christianity the belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of God
ethnic group a group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part of their community for generations
famine extreme and general scarcity of food
Five Pillars of Islam five things Muslims must do in their practice of Islam, during their lifetime
Gaza Strip a coastal region at the southeast corner of the Mediterranean Sea bordering Israel and Egypt
Islam religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad
Israel a republic in South West Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea, created in 1948 by the United Nations as a home to the Jewish people of the world
Judaism a religious group of Jews who believe in one God
Kurds a distinct ethnic group that lives in the mountainous areas where Syria, Turkey, Iran, and Iraq come together
Muhammad an Arab prophet who founded Islam
Muslim a name given to the followers of the Islam religion
Muslim League a group organized in 1855 in an effort to put more power into the hands of Indians
oil (petroleum) one of the most important and valuable fossil fuels; abundant in Southwest Asia
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries founded to set oil prices and policies
Operation Desert Storm another name for the Persian Gulf War
Operation Iraqi Freedom an invasion led by the United States in 2003 to stop the development of nuclear weapons by Iraq
Ottoman Empire an empire that controlled much of the Middle East from 1300's until the end of World War I
Persian Gulf one of the main shipping routes for oil to be shipped out from the rich fields of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and other countries that line its shores
Persian Gulf War a military force used to liberate Kuwait from the Iraqi invasion in 1991; also called Operation Desert Storm
Persians people who live in the modern country of Iran
qanats underground tunnels in Southwest Asia bring water from the hills to dry plains
Quran the holy book of the Islam religion
refugees people who have to leave their homes as the result of war
religious group a group with a belief system in a god or gods, with a specific set of rituals and literature
Sahel a dry semi-arid region south of the Sahara Desert it serves as a transition region between the harsh desert to the north and the grasslands and rain forest to the south and stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea
Shia Muslims the second largest denomination of Islam
Strait of Hormuz a very narrow waterway in which ships must navigate to and from the Persian Gulf
Suez Canal a canal in Egypt that allows water transportation between Europe and Asia without the need of traveling around the southern tip of Africa
Sunni Muslims the largest denomination of Islam
Taliban a radical Muslim government of Afghanistan
United Nations an international organization formed after World War II whose aims are to facilitate cooperation in international law and international security
water pollution contamination of water supplies due to chemicals, fertilizers, sewage, and other garbage
Zionists a group who felt the world's Jews deserved to return to a homeland in Zion
Created by: PRO Teacher ctabor