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WWII

(Willis) WWII

QuestionAnswer
Hitler's "lightning war," that allowed him to quickly take over parts of Europe. Blitzkrieg
The German air force. Luftwaffe
When the British were trapped between the Nazi army and the English Channel. The British sent all available naval vessels, merchant ships, and civilian boats across the channel to pluch stranded troops off this French beach. Dunkirk
When Nazi Germany occupied northern France, in southern France the Germans set up a "puppet state" with its capital at Vichy
He was one of Hitler's most brilliant commanders, he was called the "Desert Fox" for his successes in Africa. General Erwin Rommel
Detention centers for civilians considered enemies of the state. Concentration camps
The Nazis had massacred some six million Jews in what became known as the Holocaust
This allowed the United States President to sell or lend war materials to "any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States." Lend-Lease Act
Hitler's planned invation of Britain. Operation Sea Lion
The political order which the Nazi's in Europe and the Japanese in Asia wanted to impose on the conquered areas under their control. "New Order"
Hitler's plan to exterminate all European Jews "Final Solution"
The state of not supporting or helping either side in a conflict. Neutrality
The event when Japanese airplanes bombed the American fleet docked at a naval base in Hawaii. This will bring the United States into WWII. Pearl Harbor
He became the new Prime Minister of England when faith was lost in Nevil Chamberlain. He was known for his military leadership. Winston Churchill
She was the mascot for United States women in war industry. Rosie the Riveter
Ships that transport aircraft and accommodate the take-off and landing of airplanes. Aircraft carriers
He was an American General who successfuly trapped Rommel's army in Tunisia and was one of the military minds who came up with the D-Day invasion. Dwight Eisenhower
This was a major turning point for the Allies in Europe. When Hitler invaded the Soviet Union, his troops got as far as this Soviet city. Stalingrad
The Allied invasion of Nazi occupied France. D-Day
Using all industrial and economic resources for war. Total war
Providing supplementary or additional help or support. Auxiliary
Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin were known as the Big Three
Before WWII ended, the Allied leaders met and discussed what would happen after Germany's surrender. Yalta Conference
Hitler's final attempt to turn the tides of the war in Europe back in the Nazi's favor. Battle of the Bulge
May 8, 1945, when the war in Europe officially ended. V-E Day (Victory in Europe)
The Japanese had gained control of the Philippines, killing several hundred American soldiers and as many as 10,000 Filipino soldiers during the 65 mile Bataan Death March
The goal of this military campaign was to recapture some Japanese-held islands while bypassing others. Island-hopping
In the Pacific, American forces were led by this General. Douglas MacArthur
Japanese pilots who undertook suicide missions. Kamikaze
The code-name for the project where the atomic bomb was developed. Manhattan Project
On August 6, 1945, an American plane dropped the first atomic bomb on this Japanese city. It instantly killed more than 70,000 people. Hiroshima
On August 9, 1945, the United States dropped the second atomic bomb on this city instantly killing more than 40,000 people. Nagasaki
He was the United States President sworn into office after the death of President Roosevelt. He decided to use the atomic bomb against Japan. Harry Truman
The Allies had agreed the Axis leaders should be tried for "crimes agianst humanity." In Germany, Allies held war crimes trials in this city. Nuremberg
In April 1945, delegates from 50 nations convened in San Francisco to draft a charter for this. United Nation (UN)
A state of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the United States on one side and the Soviet Union on the other, without armed conflict between the major rivals. Cold War
This policy was rooted in the idea of containment, limiting communism to the areas already under Soviet control. Truman Doctrine
To stregthen democratic governments, the United States offered a massive aid package to funnel food and economic assistance to Europe. Marshall Plan
When Stalin tried to block the Allies from bringing supplies to west Berlin, they organized a massive round-the-clock airlift. For more than a year, cargo planes supplied West Berliners with food and fuel. Berlin Airlift
In 1949, the United States, Canada, and ten other countries formed a new military alliance pledging to help one another if any one of them were attacked by communist. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
In 1955, the Soviet Union responded to NATO by forming its own military alliance. It included the Soviet Union and seven satellites in Eastern Europe. Warsaw Pact
The five permanent members of the UN are known as the Security Council
To reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body. Veto
A figurative barrier that separated the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe from Western Europe. Iron Curtain
Created by: chadmw