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demography the study of population
population geography focus on the spatial aspects of demography
population policies policies that countries have dealing with control over immigration and internal relocation
population distribution and density the locations on the Earth's surface where individuals live
dot map population density and distribution map
arithmetic population density the population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area. Population of area divided by the number of sq. miles or km.
physiologic population density The number of people per unit area of agriculturally productive land.
arable land farmable
largest population concentrations all found in Eurasia
megalopolis huge urban agglomerations
census a periodic and official count of a country's population
100,000 people one dot on a world population density map
linear growth increases occur in uniform amount during a series of equal time periods.
exponential growth cumulative or compound growth (of a population) over a given period of time
doubling time the time required for a population to double in size
population explosion the rapid groth of the world's human population during the past century, attended by ever-shorter doubling times and accelerating rates of increase
Composition population's make up in terms of age, sex, and other properties such as marital status and education
Population structure graphic representation (profile) of a population according to age and work
age-sex pyramid graphic representation (profile) of a population showing the percentages of the total population by age and sex, normally in five-year groups
demography the study of population
natural increase the difference between the number of births and the number of deaths during a specific time period
crude birth rate the number of live births per year per thousand people in the population
crude death rate the number of deaths per thousand
total fertility rate measure of the number of children born to women of childbearing age
infant mortality a figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population.
Demographic Change TP=OP+B-D+I-E
demographic cycle sequence of stages observed in the population records of several European countries.
demographic transition represented by stages 2 (early expanding stage) and 3 (late expanding stage during which high birth & death rates decline.
High Stationary stage with high fertility (births) and high morality (deaths) and variable population, but little long-term growth
Early Expanding Stage with high fertility and declining mortality
Late Expanding Stage with declining fertility but, as a result of already-low mortality, continuing significant growth
Low Stationary Stage with low fertility and low mortality, and very low rate of growth.
Stationary population level (spl) The level when the world's population would stabilize and that the major problems to be faced would involve the aged rather than the young.
Egalitarian societies persisted long after agriculture was introduced.
state Politically organized territory that is administered by a sovereign government and recognized by significant portion of intern'l community. A state must contain permanent resident population, organized economy, and functioning internal circulation system
formative era period between 7000 b.p. and 5000 b.p.. Development of states and urbanization, going hand in hand, in SW Asia.
Agricultural Revolution transformation of agricultural practices, systems, and production.
First Agricultural revolution dating back 10k yrs, achieved plant and animal domestication.
Second Agricultural revolution dovetailed with and benefited ffrom the Industrial revolution and witnessed improved methods of cultivation, harvesting, and storage of farm produce.
Third Agricultural revolution currently in progress. is based on new high-yielding strains of grains and other crops developed by genetic engineering.
Arable land Literally, cultivable. Land fit for cultivation by one farming method over another.
agglomeration A process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities. The term often refers to manufacturing plants & businesses that benefit from close proximity because they share skilled-labor pools and technological and financial amenities.
Arithmetic population density population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area. The figure is derived by dividing the population of the areal unit by the number of square kilometers or miles that make up the unit.
Agricultural density The number of inhabitants per unit of agricultural land. As used in population geography, agricultural density excludes urban residents so that it reflects the pressure of population in rural areas.
Physiologic density measures the total population, urban and rural, against the agricultural land.
circulation in political geography, the system of integration and movement through language, education, transportation, and communications.
demographic tranistion model multistg mod based on W Euro exper, chgs in populaton grwth exhibitied by countries undergoing industrializion. Hi brth & dth rates followed by plunging dth rates, producing net population gain; followed by convergence brth & dth rates at lo overall level
density a description of the quantity per unit area of a given object or living organism.
distance decay The various degenerative effects of distance on human spatial structures and interactions
Endemic A disease that is particular to a locality or region.
Ethnic A basis for human identity based on a combination of pieople's cultural traints (traditions, customs, languate, and religion) and ideas abou their ancestry and race.
Industrial Revolution term applied to the social and economic chgs in agriculture, commerce, and manufacturing that resulted from technological innovations and specialization in late-eighteenth century Europe
life expectancy indicating how long, on average, a person may be expected to live. Normally expressed in the context of a particular state.
one child policy official policy launched by China in 1979 to induce married couples to have only one child in an effort to control population growth
pandemic An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide
population explosion the rapid growth of the world's human population during the past century, attended by ever-shorter doubling times and accelerating rates of increase.
population geography A subdivision of human geography that focuses on the spatial aspects of demography and influence of demographic change on particular places.
Pull factor positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locales from other areas.
Push Factor negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their abode and migrate to a new locale
Race categorization of human s based on skin color and other physical characteristics. Racial categories include social, political, biological differences.
refugees people who have been dislocated involuntarily from their original place of settlement.
restrictive population policy government policy designed to reduce the rate of natural increase.
Ecumene The portion of the world's land surface that is permanently settled by human beings.
Totalitarian/Authoritarian government whose leaders rule by absolute control, tolerating no differences of political opinion.
Created by: whshg
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