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Global Review Gr. 10

GLOBAL FULL REVIEW GRADE 10

TermDefinition
Age of Absolutism (1600's-1700's) Period in European history when nations were ruled by absolute monarchs.
Absolute monarch King or queen with total control of their nation.
Divine Right Idea that kings and queens got their power to rule from God.
Peter the Great Absolute monarch of Russian. Westernized Russia by imitating customs of Western Europe in order to strengthen nation.
Suleiman the Magnificent Absolute monarch of Ottoman Empire.
Louis XIV Absolute monarch of France.
Phillip II Absolute monarch of Spain.
Scientific Revolution (1500's-1600's) Major change in how people viewed the world. Reason (logic) used to explain how the world worked.
Copernicus Astronomer who developed Heliocentric Theory.
Heliocentric Theory The planets revolve around the sun.
Galileo Galilei Astronomer who proved Heliocentric Theory using telescope. Put on trial by Church for opposing their geocentric teaching.
Sir Isaac Newton Mathematician and astronomer. Developed calculus and theory of gravity.
Key effects of Scientific Revolution Spread of new ideas throughout Europe, challenged traditional authority of Catholic Church, scientists proved many church teachings incorrect. Led to Enlightenment.
Enlightenment (1700's) Period in European history when reason (logic) was used to understand and improve society. Also called Age of Reason.
Key ideas of Enlightenment 1. Society could be improved using reason (logic) and natural law 2. Governments get their power from the people (not God)
John Locke Believed all people have natural rights (life, liberty, property) and can overthrow a government that does not protect those rights.
Baron de Montesquieu Believed power in government should be separated into 3 branches with a system of checks and balances.
Voltaire Believed everyone is entitled to freedom of speech and religion.
Rousseau Believed society is a social contract (all people agree to work for the common good of society).
Key effects of Enlightenment 1. Inspired political revolutions in US, France, and Latin America 2. Enlightened despots in Europe ruled by enlightened ideals.
Political Related to government.
Political Revolution Overthrow of an existing government to create a new one.
English Revolution / Glorious Revolution (1689) English people successfully limited the power of their monarchs.
Key Effects of English/Glorious Revolution England's government becomes a constitutional monarchy. Power of monarch is limited by written laws.
Documents that limited the power of English monarchs The Magna Carta, The Petition of Rights, The English Bill of Rights.
The French Revolution (1789-1815) French people overthrew King Louis XVI and fought for more rights in government.
Key causes of the French Revolution
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Reign of Terror
Key results of the French Revolution
Napoleon Bonaparte
Fall of Napoleon
Latin American Revolutions (1800-1830)
Key causes of the Latin American Revolutions
Latin American Independence Leaders
The Industrial Revolution (1700's-1800's)
Key effects of the Industrial Revolution
Laissez-faire Capitalism / Market Economy
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Communist Manifesto
Nationalism
Unification of Italy
Unification of Germany
Otto von Bismarck
Potato Famine
Nationalism in Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empire
Nationalism in Ireland
Imperialism
Causes of (reasons for) imperialism
White Man's Burden
Social Darwinism
Imperialism in Asia and Africa (1800's-1914)
Scramble for Africa
Imperialism in China
Imperialism in India
Sepoy Mutiny
Boxer Rebellion
Commodore Matthew Perry
Meiji Restoration in (1868-1912)
Japanese Imperialism
World War I (1914-1918)
Underlying (background) Causes of WWI
Militarism
Alliances
Imperialism - WWI
Nationalism - WWI
Treaty of Versailles
Immediate Cause of WWI
Armenian Massacre
Key results of WWI
The Russian Revolution of 1917
Causes of the Russian Revolution
Czar Nicholas II
Bolsheviks
Effects of the Russian/Bolshevik Revolution
Kemal Ataturk
Zionism
Indian Nationalism
Mohandas Gandhi
Salt March
Boycott
Totalitarian Dictatorships
Dictatorships after WWI
Censorship
One political party
Created by: fisher_lisa