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Theology

Final study guide

QuestionAnswer
What is virtue? a habit and firm disposition to do good.
What are the Cardinal virtues? Fortitude, justice, prudence, and temperance.
What is fortitude? enebles one to maintain sound moral judgment and behavior in the face of difficulties and challenges
What is justice? the virtue concerned with giving both God and neighbor what is their due.
What is prudence? a person is inclined toward choosing the moral good and avioding evil.
What is temperance? one moderates his or her appetites and passions to achieve balance in the use of created good.
What are the Theological virtues? Faith,hope, and hove.
What is faith? the belief in the existance of God.
What is hope? we trust in the promise of God and expect from God both eternal ife and the grace we need to attain it.
What is love? the human longing for God and a selfless commitment to supporting the dignity and humanity of all people.
Which virtue is needed in which circumstance? Prudence
What are the 7 deadly sins? Pride, greed, envy, anger, gluttony, lust, and sloth.
What is pride? believing you are better than others.
What is greed? the desire to accumulate earthly goods beyond what we need.
What is envy? resentment that we direct at others who have some success,thing, or privilege that we want for ourselves.
What is anger? strong feelings that makes us want to seek revenge and prevents reconciliation.
What is gluttony? execessive eating or drinking.
What is lust? undisciplined, unchecked desire for self-enjoyment, especially of a sexual nature.
What is sloth? habitual laziness.
What is the first commandment? I am the Lord, your God: you shall not have strange Gods before me. We should trust in God above all things.
What is the second commandment? You shall not take the name of the lord your God in vein. We don't use his name to curse, swear, or lie but call upon God's name in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks.
What is the third commandment? Remember to keep the Sabbath day. We don't despise preaching and his Word, but regard is as holy and gladly hear and learn it.
What is the fourth commandment? Honor your mother and father. Honor, serve, obey, love and cherish your parents.
What is the fifth commandment? You shall not kill. Don't hurt or harm our neighbor in his body, but help and support him in every physical need.
What is the sixth commandment? You shall not commit adultery. We should lead a pure and decent life in words and actions that a husband and wife should love and honor each other.
What is the seventh commandment? You shall not steal. We should not take our neighbor's money or property but help them to improve and protect there property and means of income.
What is the eighth commandment? You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. Don't lie, always be truthful in everything you say and do.
What is the ninth commandment? You shall not covet your neighbor's wife. Don't be jealous of or wish you had from someone else.
What is the tenth commandment? You shall not covet your neighbor's goods. Don't be jealous of what other people have. Be satisfied with what you have.
What is blasphemy? the speaking, acting, or thinking about God, Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary or the saints in any way that is offensive that goes against the Second Commandment.
What is sacrilege? an offense against God that goes the first commandment.
How does honor thy father and mother relate to obedience to all authority? Honoring your father and mother relate to obedience to all authority because parents are the most important under God.
What is the traditional family? Traditional family is two married, heterosexual opposite-sex parents and their biological children.
How does traditional family relate to the Trinity? Traditional family relate to Trinity because it shows the nature of relationships.
How does the breakdown of the traditional family affect society? The breakdown of the traditional family affect society by taking care of each other.
What are examples of bearing false witness? Slander, lying, rash judgment, flattery, detraction, and unfounded suspicion.
What does swearing an oath mean? Swearing an oath is the calling of God as a witness to the truth of what is being said.
What is sin of commission? a sin that is the direct result of a freely chosen thought, word, or deed.
What is the sin of omission? a sin that is the result of a failure to do something required by God's moral law.
What is euthanasia? the practice of ending someone's life
What is capital punishment? also known as the death penalty, where a person is killed by the state as a punishment for a crime.
What is abortion? the ending of pregnancy.
What is suicide? the act of ending someone's life.
What is eugenices? the set of beliefs and practices that aim to improve the quality of a human population by certain groups.
What is embryonic stem cell research? stem cells derived from the early-stage pre-implantation embro.
When does life begin? Life begins at conception.
When does life end? Life ends at abortion.
What is self-defense? the act of defending oneself, one's family, or one's property through the use of force.
What is revenge? something done in vengeance.
Why each person has value regardless of what they contribute to society and how does that relate to the dignity of the human person? Everyone in under God's likeness
What are the different types of conscience? Correct, erroneous, lax, certain, doubtful, delicate, and scrupulous conscience.
For self-defense, how does fighting in the military fall under this category? Captital punishment
What is correct conscience? a certain is good or bad, and that this decision is an agreement with that thing actually is according to the objective law.
What is erroneous conscience? when a person follows a process of conscientious decision making but unwittingly makes a wrong decision.
What is lax conscience? when a person doesn't employ a process of conscientious decision making, therefore, a "lazy consciene."
What is certain conscience? convinced without any doubt that an action is good or bad.
What is doubtful conscience? can't decide between good or bad moral choices.
What is delicate conscience? judges that there is sin where there really is no sin, or that judges that something is a moral sin where it is only a venial sin.
What is scrupulous conscience? judges that there is sin where there really is no sin, or that judges that something is a moral sin where it is only a venial sin.
What natural law? Our God-given ability to understand what it means to be in right relationship with God, other people, the world, and ourselves.
What is old law? divine law revealed in the Old Testament.
What is moral law? established by God and is a rational expression of Eternal Law.
What is just cause? a good reason
What is competent authority? someone or group that represents the country.
What is right intention? force may be used only in a truly just cause and solely for that purpose-correcting a suffered wrong is considered a right intention, while material gain or maintaining economies is not.
What is last resort? all peaceful alternatives have been tried.
What is probability of success? with a fair of certainty, intended results are likely to be achieved.
What is proportionality? the damage to be inflicted and the costs incurred by war must be proportionate to the good expected by taking up arms.
What is moral sins? a grave offense against God and destroys a person's relationship with him by serving that person from divine love.
What is venial sins? the offensive against the law and love of God that doesn't deprive the soul of sanctifying grace, but weakens a person's love for God and neighbor.
Created by: VKimbrell718
 

 



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