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Final Review-Basic G

The idea that a nation should build an empire in foreign lands is called imperialism
European nations wanted to colonize Africa for the following reasons: to get raw materials; to spread Christianity
___________________ held the largest European empire in Africa in the 1800s. France
A ______________________________________ is a territory controlled and protected by a stronger nation. protectorate
The _________________ were Africans who fought against the Boers and the British in southern Africa. Zulu
_____________________ were early Dutch settlers in southern Africa. Boers
Positive effects of European imperialism in Africa were: 1. Raids between rival tribes reduced 2. Some colonies got improved sanitation, hospitals, and schools 3. Economic expansion as African products became valued worldwide 4. Gained railroads, dams, telegraph and telephone lines
Negative effects of European imperialism in Africa included all of the following: Lost control of their land & independence; European diseases such as smallpox; Famines resulted from change to cash crops; The dividing of the African continent along artificial boundaries led to long-term fighting among rival tribes and civil wars
Which country colonized India in the 1800s? Great Britain
The Muslim League was one of two organizations created to work toward the independence of ________________ . India
Which two countries fought the Opium War? Great Britain and China
What land did Great Britain get in the Treaty of Nanking? Hong Kong
A _______________________________________ is a region in which a nation has some control over the actions or decisions of the people in that region. sphere of influence
The ______________________________________was a war in the 1800s by the Chinese people against the Qing Dynasty. The rebellion failed and millions were killed. Taiping Rebellion
Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia were all controlled by _________________________________. France
The ___________________________ took control of the Philippines as a result of the Spanish-American War. United States
The Tokugawa Shogunate was the government of ________________________________. Japan
The ______________________________________________ was a change in Japan in which people ended the rule of shoguns and gave power back to the emperor. It occurred in 1868. Meiji Restoration
The four causes of World War I were: (1) nationalism (2) imperialism (3) militarism (4) formation of alliances
The Triple Alliance consisted of Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary
Who belonged to the Triple Entente? Great Britain, France, Russia
What event sparked the beginning of World War I? the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife
Where did trench warfare take place during WWI? France (along the Western Front)
Who kept the Germans busy on the Eastern Front? Russia
Who belonged to the Central Powers? Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire
Who belonged to the Allies? France, Britain, Russia, the U.S., Serbia, Japan, Italy, and 20 other nations
Which nation switched alliances during WWI? Italy
Who defeated the Germans in the Pacific and took over their colonies there? Japan
New weapons of war used in World War I included: airplane; the tank; Big Bertha
When and why did the United States enter World War I? On April 6, 1917 because German submarines were sinking U.S. ships
When was the armistice ending WWI signed? November 11, 1918
How many lives were lost in World War I? 8.5 million
Who were the Big Four? leaders of France, Britain, Italy and the U.S. who met at Versailles after the war
What was Wilson’s peace plan called? Fourteen Points
What was Wilson’s peacekeeping organization called? League of Nations
___________________ had to take full blame for the World War I and pay over $37 billion in war reparations. Germany
What happened to the map of Europe after World War I? leaders of France, Britain, Italy and the U.S. who met at Versailles after the war; Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire lost lands; Five new nations were created out of lands lost by Russia
What was the name of the agreement that officially ended World War I? The Treaty of Versailles
World War I lasted from ______________ to ________________ . 1914-1918
What was the name given to the day that Russian soldiers killed hundreds of marchers in St. Petersburg on January 22, 1905? Bloody Sunday
Who was forced to abdicate his throne in the first 1917 revolution in Russia? Nicholas II
Who led the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in November 1917? Vladimir lenin
What type of government did Lenin set up in Russia? communist
What did Lenin name Russia in 1922? the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR or the Soviet Union)
What were the 1920s known as? The Roaring Twenties
In what decade was the Great Depression? 1930s
What event started the Great Depression? the stock market crash of 1929
Who was president of the U.S. during most of the Great Depression? Franklin Roosevelt
What were FDR’s programs that put people back to work called? the New Deal
What event finally ended the Great Depression? WWII
Who led the following countries during WWII? : Germany, Spain, Italy, the Soviet Union Adolf Hitler-Germany; Francisco Franco-Spain; Hideki Tojo-Japan; Joseph Staln-Soviet Union
Who wrote Mein Kampf, formed the Nazi Party, and became the dictator of Germany in 1933? Adolf Hitler
Who led the Fascist Party to power in Italy, became dictator in 1922, and invaded Ethiopia in 1935? Benito Mussolini
Who had Trotsky murdered, became dictator of the Soviet Union in 1929, murdered millions of his own people, and created collective farms in his country? Joseph Stalin
Who won a bloody civil war in his country in the 1930s and became the Fascist dictator of Spain? Francisco Franco
Zionism was the movement to establish a Jewish homeland in ___________________________________ . Palestine
Which leader used nonviolent civil disobedience in the movement for India’s independence? Mohandas Gandhi
Who was the leader of the Muslims in India? Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Religious conflict between ____________ and ______________ led to India being partitioned into India and Pakistan. Muslims and Hindus
What territory do India and Pakistan still fight over today? Kashmir
What new nation did East Pakistan become? Bangladesh
What was the name given to Neville Chamberlain’s policy that European nations should give in to the demands of Hitler to avoid war? appeasement
_______________________ signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler of Germany, leading to the division of Poland, and an agreement not to go to war against each other. The Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin)
Britain and France declared war on Germany after Germany invaded the country of __________________. Poland
What was the military tactic introduced in the invasion of Poland-also known as “lightning war”? _____________________________________________ blitzkrieg
The United States entered WWII after ___________________________________________________________. the bombing of Pearl Harbor by Japan
What happened on June 6, 1944 ? the Allies invaded Normandy, France
What happened on May 8, 1945? V-E Day (Germany surrendered and the war in Europe was over)
Where did the U.S. drop atomic bombs in WWII? Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan.
What was the “Final Solution”? genocide by Germany against “inferior” races
Approximately how many European Jews died in the Holocaust? 6 million
Who did the U.S. put in internment camps during WWII? Japanese-Americans
How many soldiers died in WWII? 17 million
What peacekeeping organization was created after WWII? The United Nations
Match the following WWII leaders with his country? : Hitler, Roosevelt, Mussolini, Stalin Adolf Hitler-Germany; Franklin Roosevelt-the United States; Benito Mussolini-Italy; Joseph Stalin-Soviet Union
Created by: david.frost