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Ancient Egypt

cataract wild rapids formed by boulders and narrow cliffs
cataract natural barrier that protected Egypt’s southern border
papyrus a reed plant that grew along the Nile used for making sandals, rafts, baskets, and a paper
pyramid giant tombs of the pharaohs in the Old Kingdom
dynasty a line of rulers from the same family
dynasty power passes from father to son
Memphis capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom
pharaoh term used to describe the all powerful king of Egypt
Khufu had the Great Pyramid of Giza built for his tomb
Upper Egypt area located south of the Nile River delta
Lower Egypt delta area in northern Egypt
Old Kingdom the pyramids were constructed during this period of time
Middle Kingdom golden age of prosperity, achievement, and stability in Egypt
New Kingdom time period when Egypt acquired new territory and reached the height of its power
Ramses II built the temple at Abu Simbel
Hyksos western Asian people who conquered the Middle Kingdom
Hatshepsut female pharaoh who made Egypt rich through trade
Hatshepsut her reign was a time of peace and prosperity
Thebes capital of Egypt during the Middle Kingdom
Nile River floods were gentle & dependable, brought fertile soil to farmland
Menes(a.k.a Narmer) king of Upper Egypt who conquered Lower Egypt and united the two lands and created the double crown to signify this
Amenhotep II he changed his name to Akhenaton which means “spirit of Aton”
Amenhotep II attempted to reform the polytheistic religion to only one god
Ahmose drove the Hyksos out of Egypt
Ahmose first Pharoah of the New Kingdom
Ra the main Egyptian god
delta a triangular, marshy and fertile area of land near the end of a river
delta natural barrier that protected Egypt’s northern border
embalming the process used to prevent a dead body from decomposing
Thutmose III he brought Egypt wealth through war, trade and tribute
Tutankhamen mostly famous for his tomb, first to be discovered intact and undisturbed (by Howard Carter in 1922)
hieroglyphics Egyptian writing composed of symbols
irrigation techniques basins, canals, shadoofs
tribute forced gift or payment to show respect or admiration
Napata capital of Kush
Red Lands deserts to the East and West of the Nile, natural protective barriers from invasion
Created by: Arsenault209